The Cooperative Extension Service is one of the nation's largest providers of scientific research-based information and education. It's a network of colleges, universities, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, serving communities and counties across America. The Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service program areas are:
Agriculture and Natural Resources
Health and Human Sciences
4-H Youth Development
Purdue Extension is a service tailored to meet the needs of Indiana, needs we know firsthand. Our educators, specialists, and volunteers live and work in all 92 Indiana counties. We provide the link between Land Grant research and Indiana citizens. In doing that we provide practical solutions to local issues. We provide information and expertise that's available in the form you want, when you want it. That's Purdue Extension, Indiana's home team advantage.
What We Do
We improve lives and livelihoods by delivering tested and trusted educational resources. The Cooperative Extension Service is one of the nation's largest providers of scientific research-based information and education. It's a network of colleges, universities, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, serving communities and counties across America. The Purdue Extension focuses on: Agriculture and Natural Resources, Human and Health Sciences, Economic and Community Development and 4-H Youth.
Wells County Happenings
Enrollment for the 2023 4-H Program year will start October 1st! Enroll early to avoid missing...
Do you have concerns about falling? Join us for a Matter of Balance, an award winning program...
Senior 4-H Members should make sure to check out these 4-H scholarship opportunities!
Join us for our annual meeting on February 16th!
Check out this great leadership opportunity for 4-H Youth in grades 9-12!
2022 Wells County 4-H Rule Book
Check out the 2022 Wells County 4-H Rule Book for updated information about your 4-H projects. There were MANY changes to project guidelines for 2022, so make sure to read carefully before you begin working on your 4-H projects!2022 Wells County 4-H Rule Book
Wells County Newsletters
Check out Health and Human Science Newsletters with helpful articles on health, nutrition, family and finances.
The November - December 2022 edition includes the following articles:
Helpful Tips for Healthy Holiday Parties
As the holidays approach, parties become numerous along with platters of rich and delicious seasonal foods. If you are hosting a gathering this holiday season and want to lighten up your offerings without sacrificing taste, you have plenty of options.
Try swapping out a few ingredients in your favorite recipes with some of these simple tips.
- Try low-sodium vegetable broth in your mashed potatoes to add flavor and cut back on butter or margarine.
- Substitute applesauce for oil, margarine or butter in muffins and quick breads such as banana bread. Try substituting a small amount at first, as too much may change the texture of the finished product.
- For dips and sauces, try using fat-free yogurt in place of sour cream or mayonnaise.
- Try sliced or slivered almonds as a delicious, crunchy topping in place of fried onion rings.
- Choose reduced-fat or fat-free cheeses for salads and casseroles.
Pack your shopping cart with plenty of fresh produce including sweet potatoes, winter squash, broccoli, carrots and green beans. Apples, fresh cranberries and pears combine easily for a tasty salad, fruit crisp or topping for the turkey.
If you are a guest at a dinner party or other gathering, consider these tips to keep your night healthy, happy and safe:
- Try starting your day with a small meal that includes whole grains, fruit, vegetables and some type of lean protein. Skipping meals before the event may tempt some people to overeat later.
- Socialize and settle into the festivities before seeking out the buffet.
- Savor foods you truly enjoy and pass up on those that don't really interest you.
- Move your socializing away from the buffet tables or appetizer trays. This will minimize the unconscious nibbling.
When it comes to alcohol, satisfy your thirst by drinking water first. If you are of legal age and choose to drink, moderate alcohol consumption is defined as up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks for men.
Keep in mind, even a single drink may affect your reflexes for several hours. If you plan to drink, keep your holidays merry for everyone by designating a driver who won't be drinking.
The holidays are a great time for gathering with friends and family over food and drinks. With just a little preparation, you can enjoy celebratory foods mindfully and still experience all that the season has to offer.
Extension Homemakers Holiday luncheon
The Wells County Extension Homemakers will celebrate the season with their Holiday Luncheon on December 1st at the Wells County Community Center. Registration will begin at 10:30 AM and the luncheon begins at 11:00 AM. To register for this event, pick up a registration form from your club president, or stop by the Wells County Extension Office. Cost for the event is $12.50 and should be included with your registration.
a matter of balance
Many older adults experience concerns about falling and restrict their activities. A MATTER OF BALANCE is an award-winning program designed to manage falls and increase activity levels. You can find more information HERE.
Dining in for healthy families
Join families across the country as they “Dine In” on December 3rd in celebration of home prepared meals. Families that eat together at home not only eat better but they eat more vegetables, enjoy more family conversations, and reduce the risk of substance abuse in teens. To encourage more family meals, the National Extension Association of Family & Consumer Sciences (NEAFCS) is joining forces with the American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences in promoting “Dining In for Healthy Families”.
What Can You Do?
- Commit to dining in on December 3!
- Prepare and eat a healthy meal with your family on December 3!
- Ask your friends and family to dine in!
- Promote Dining In on social media!
- Post pictures of your family dining in on social media!
national handwashing awareness week
December 4-10 is National Handwashing Awareness Week. Personal hygiene begins and ends with our hands. And though we’re taught as youngsters to wash our hands before dinner, it’s important to remember that germs don’t care what time of day it is. Clean hands prevent sickness. So it’s especially important to learn the basics about hand hygiene so that you, too, can become a champion hand washer! Let’s examine some handy (see what we did there?) tips and info in honor of National Handwashing Awareness Week, which takes place each year during the first week of December. Practicing the 4 Principals of Hand Awareness behaviors will ensure that you “stay well”.
The 4 Principals of Hand Awareness:
- WASH your hands when they are dirty and BEFORE eating.
- DO NOT cough into your hands.
- DO NOT sneeze into your hands
- Above all, DO NOT put your fingers into your eyes, nose, or mouth.
Source: Will Sawyer, MD & Henry the Hand Foundation
without a will in indiana
Do you have a will? If not, do you know what would happen to your belongings if you die without one?
A will is a legal document that describes who will get your property when you die. By having a will, you can control how your estate—the real and personal property that you own at the time of your death—will be distributed to others.
Some people think that only wealthy or elderly people need wills, but this is not true. Serious problems may arise with how a person’s property is distributed if he or she dies without a will—or interstate—even if that person dies at an early age or with only a small estate.
Property Distribution Without a Will
In some cases, property can be distributed even without a will if there is a will contract. Inheritance that is determined by a will contract is usually in the form of insurance, such as a life insurance policy. If an individual dies without a will, the proceeds of the policy would still go to a named beneficiary. Other examples of will contracts include trusts, pension plans, joint ownership with rights to survivorship, or other assets with a beneficiary form, such as payable on death and transfer on death contracts.
For property not covered by will contracts, Indiana law determines how it will be distributed in the absence of a will. There may be disadvantages to allowing these inheritance laws, known as the Laws of Descent, to operate. These include:
- Property may be transferred or distributed in a different way than you would have preferred.
- Relatives you hardly know could share in your estate. Many individuals with no relatives or only a few distant ones would rather name a favorite charity to receive their estate.
- Small pieces of your property could be sold and divided.
- If any of the heirs are minors, guardians may have to be appointed, and those guardians may not necessarily be the surviving parent.
- Taxes frequently are much higher when property is transferred without a will. All property transferred (less deductions and exemptions) is subject to federal estate taxes, but the rates vary based on the situation.
- In some cases, the state of Indiana might get all of your property.
Who Will Inherit?
Table 1 below provides an overview of how Indiana inheritance laws determine property distribution in the absence of a will.
Preparing a Will
Because there are many potential problems and financial considerations, having a will is a way to control the decisions about your estate. There are several ways to prepare one:
- By consulting your attorney. A few dollars spent preparing your will may save your family expense and trouble, and ensure that your property is distributed at your death in the way you desire.
- By using online legal services providers or consumer advocacy groups. These options may offer low-cost options for creating a will.
- By consulting a legal services organization. Depending on your situation, you may be eligible for legal services at no cost.
For an unmarried person
Distribution of Estate
...with child/children or issue of deceased child/children OR
Child/children and/or grandchild/grandchildren: equal shares
...without surviving children
Per parent: 1/4 of estate
Siblings and nieces/nephews: remaining estate
...and with no parents or siblings
Nieces/nephews: equal shares
...and with no nieces or nephews
Grandparents: equal shares
...and with no grandparents OR
Aunts, uncles and cousins: equal shares
...with none of the above
State of Indiana
For a married person
Distribution of Estate
...with one or more living child and/or issue of deceased child (e.g. wife dies and is survived by husband and child of deceased son) OR
Spouse: 1/2 of estate
Child/Children and/or grandchild/grandchildren: 1/2 estate
...with no surviving issue (e.g. child) but with living parents OR
Spouse: 3/4 of estate
Parents: 1/4 of estate
...with no surviving issue or parents OR
...with a second or subsequent spouse, and with surviving child/children of deceased child/children (e.g. husband dies and is survived by second wife and child from first marriage) OR
Spouse: 1/2 of personal property and 1/4 value of real estate property
Child/children and or grandchild/grandchildren: equal share of remaining personal property and real estate property
...with none of the above
State of Indiana
it's time to enroll in 4-h for 2023!
The enrollment window for Wells County 4-H is October 1, 2022—January 15, 2023. Enroll early to avoid missing important information! You can enroll by visiting v2.4honline.com
Please feel free to call the Extension Office at 260-824-6412 if you have any questions, or if you need assistance.
A PDF version of this newsletter is available HERE.
News Notes for Parents is a newsletter geared towards parents with children ages 8 and under. You will find articles about parenting, early childhood education, nutrition and much more.
In the December 2022 issue of News Notes for Parents, you will find the following articles:
Teaching Young Children About Money
Children often see adults exchange coins and bills when they buy things. As children grow and start to make choices, they learn that people, things, and money have value. These concepts form the foundation for understanding the importance of spending, sharing, and saving. These life skills can be taught as soon as children can count, along with the difference between a “want” and a “need.”
The topic of money may not become up in conversation naturally, so make an effort to bring it up. Preschoolers watch as we drive through at the bank, make decisions at the store, and pay at the register. Seize the moment to talk about what you’re doing.
Here are a 3 ways to start a conversation about money:
- If you found $100, what would you do with it?
- What are two inexpensive things our family can do for fun?
- If you could start your own business, what would you like to do?
How can you help your child(ren) make solid consumer decisions? Kids are at risk of believing commercials and ads and may not have the ability to make sound decisions without a parent's guidance. Consumer decisions may be small, like picking a breakfast cereal; or large, like choosing a career. Consumers, beginning at a young age, need to become aware of outside influences.
- Teach your child to think before buying.
- Preschoolers will respond to ads even though they can’t understand how they work.
- Guide them in learning to make decisions based on facts.
It is important to focus on needs verses wants. The sooner children learn this lesson, the better. Needs are things that are critical to survival, such as food, shelter, and clothing. Wants are not necessary for health or safety. A solid spending plan covers the family’s needs before putting money toward things family members want.
Fun money activities to educate children:
- Go Shopping! Set up a pretend grocery store where children can shop, with play food, empty food containers with prices, play money, and toy cash register. Children can shop for healthy breakfast or lunch items.
- Fill a jar with pennies! Challenge your child(ren) to estimate the amount and then count to check.
- Does your child like history? Research the people whose pictures are found on paper money and coins.
- Try reading stories about money, spending, and saving.
- Discuss the cost and quality of name brand items versus store brand items.
- Discuss the different choices that children have when they don’t have enough money to purchase something they wanted to buy.
Books for young children:
The Berenstain Bears’ Trouble with Money, by Stan and Jan Berenstain•
Money Hungry Monkey, by Paul Peters
One Cent, Two Cent, Old Cent, New Cent: All About Money, by Bonnie Worth
The holidays may be the perfect time to educate your child(ren) about money. While purchasing gifts, take the opportunity to educate your child(ren) about earning, spending, and saving. Your child(ren) will continue to watch and learn from watching how you handle money and the financial decisions that you have to make.
Source: InCharge - Debt Solutions
Fun & Safe Winter Activities for kids
No matter the time of year, playing outside is an excellent way to help a child’s physical and mental development. A few benefits are; strengthening motor skills, improving overall health and muscle strength, promoting the use of their senses, encouraging independence, allowing the use of creativity and imagination, and opportunities to learn about nature. Here are a few cold weather activities to try this winter.
What freezes faster?
Put small amounts of different liquids in empty bottles or containers and place them outside. The kids can check the containers to see how long it takes for the different liquids to freeze.
For this activity, you’ll need:
A tall plastic cup or bottle around the same size
1 tablespoon of dish soap
1/4 cup of warm water
Baking soda Food coloring (red or whatever the kids like)
Put the dish soap in the cup/bottle and then fill it halfway with baking soda. Mix in the warm water and add a few drops of food coloring. Build a small snow “volcano” around the cup/bottle and make sure that you don’t cover the opening. Once it’s all set, let the kids pour the vinegar in the cup/bottle and watch the volcano erupt. Keep in mind that more vinegar means even bigger eruptions.
To make frozen bubbles, you just need bubble solution and a wand. Once you have your bubble juice of choice, take the kids outside and have them blow bubbles close to the snow instead of up in the air. Once the bubbles land on the snow, the kids can watch them freeze and examine the patterns that form on the surface.
sweet pea deviled eggs
1 can (8.5 oz.) sweet peas, drained
1 ripe avocado, peeled and pitted
1/4 c. light mayonnaise
1 1/2 tsp. sugar
1 Tbsp. plus 1 tsp. cider vinegar
2 tsp. prepared mustard
Salt and black petter, optional
- Boil eggs 10 minutes. Peel and cut in half lengthwise. Discard 6 yolks
- Place remaining 6 egg yolks in a blender or food processor with peas, avocado, mayonnaise, sugar, vinegar and mustard. Puree until smooth. Season to taste with salt and pepper, if desired.
- Spoon equal amounts into each of the egg white halves. Sprinkle lightly with additional pepper, if desired.
Watch the YouTube video for making Sweet Pea Deviled Eggs: https://youtu.be/7-E-ELO4dZQ
A PDF Version of News Notes to Parents is available HERE.
The June/July 2022 issue of the Wells County 4-H Newsletter includes the following information:
- 10 Year 4-H Members - We are excited to recognize you for your accomplishments as a 10 year member. Teh 10 year 4-H member form can be found on our website (one was mailed out to you on April 27th). The form can be dropped off, mailed or emailed to Linda, firstname.lastname@example.org, by JUNE 17th.
- 4-H Junior Ambassador applicants must gbe in grade 7, 8, or 9 as of January 1, 2022. Ambassador applicants must be in grade 10 or above as of January 1, 2022. Applications can be found on the Purdue Extension website. Interviews will be held Monday, July 13th at 6:30 PM in the Community Center at the 4-H Park. Applications are due at the Extension Office by June 24th.
- The Caley Memorial Award will be given to two 4-H members in Wells County who have shown outstanding qualities in the area of leadership, citizen ship, sportsmanship, and personality in their community, church, school and 4-H activities. Applications can be found on the Purdue Extension website and are due June 30th.
- YQCA will need to be completed for all 4-H members showing livestock. In-person workshops require online registration of $3 and the online training requires online registration of $12. The new YQCA website is yqcaprogram.org.
- 2022 4-H Rule books are now available for purchase at the Wells County Extension Office. The cost is $7 for pages, binder and dividers; $3 for just the pages. The full electronic version of the Rule Book can also be found HERE.
- Fair Entry - All 4-H projects must be entered into Fair Entry by July 1st at midnight. By entering into Fair Entry, you will speed up the project check-in time at the fair, and assist the volunteers who organize the judging, shows and auction. Only enter exactly what you are bringing to the fair. If you are asked for a description of your project, please put it in. Please hit submit at the end. If you do not hit submit, your registration is not complete which can cause confusion at check-in.
- 4-H Record Book Signing - June 25th from 9 AM - 12 PM - the township club leaders will be available to sign record books so you can receive your completion certificate. Help will also be available during that time to purchase foam posters and poster sleeves and work on Fair Entry.
- Indiana State Fair (July 29 - August 21) Information:
- All horse & pony, goats, beef cattle, dairy cattle, llama & alpaca, sheep, swine, rabbits, cat, dog and poultry that will be exhibited at the Indiana State Fair must be entered in Exhibitor's Corner by July 1st. Exhibitor's Corner opened on May 17th and can be found HERE.
- The 2022 Indiana State Fair Entry book has been posted HERE
- NEW for 2022! 4-H exhibitors in the beef, dairy, swine, sheep, dairy goat, boer goat, and meat goat departments are required to complete the new 4-H Animal Affidavit & Animal Husbandry Form. You can find the form HERE.
PDF version available here.
Upcoming Wells County and State Extension Events
State Extension Events
The spring 2023 Purdue Extension Master Gardener (EMG) basic training program will begin Feb. 7...
Wetter conditions across the state of Indiana are favored for the meteorological winter months of...
Sometimes it may be easier to prepare your turkey the day before you plan to serve it. Here is...
Christian Butzke, Purdue Extension Enologist, Purdue Food Science professor and Purdue...
Landowners and farmers can learn more about the various tools, trends, and legal protections...