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Purdue Extension Martin County Blast April 4, 2022

Purdue Extension Martin County Blast 4-4-22


2022 Martin County 4-H Handbook
Available at   Printed copies are available by contacting the Extension Office. 


4-H Static Project Scorecards: Major Changes for Simplification!
All 2022 4-H scorecards have been reviewed, updated, and posted to the Indiana 4-H Youth Development web site.  Visit at:

Scorecards are located on individual project pages.  A general scorecard is available on the full project listing page. All previously used scorecards are outdated with the exception of some genealogy and some sewing scorecards. 

All 4-H leaders, members and families are encouraged to become familiar with scorecards as you work to create 4-H exhibits for the 2022 Martin County 4-H Fair and the Indiana State Fair!


Project drop / add deadline
The 2022 4-H project drop and add deadline is May 15, 2022!  Please be sure you have the projects you desire listed on 4honline by May 15th

To exhibit at the Martin County 4-H Fair and/or the 2022 Indiana State Fair 4-H shows, 4-H enrollment must be completed, including paying enrollment fee for 4-Hers 3rd to 12th grade by May 15, 2022. Extension staff are happy to help!  Please call 812-295-2412 or email


Martin County 4-H Club Meetings
Every 4-H member is invited to all Club Meetings and members are encouraged to be members of multiple clubs.

Dream Team Club

Date                Day of the Week                     Time                            Location

4-16-22            Saturday                                  10:00 am                     St. Martin’s Hall

5-1-22              Sunday                                    6:00 pm                       Loogootee City Park

5-14-22            Saturday                                  10:00 am                     St. Martin’s Hall

5-28-22            Saturday                                  10:00 am                     Loogootee City Park

6-12-22            Sunday                                    6:00 pm                       St. Martin’s Hall

7-2-22              Saturday                                  10:00 am                     St. Martin’s Hall

7-10-22            Sunday                                    6:00 pm                       Loogootee City Park

7-11-22           Monday                                   5:30 pm                       Martin County 4-H

                        (Records signing during fair set-up)                           Fairgrounds


Horse & Pony Club
Thursday, April 14 at 6:30 pm
Horses welcome with approved horse health certificates and MUST be signed by a licenses Veterinary.  Health certificates may be accessed at:
Or hard copy picked up at the Extension Office.

4-H members do NOT need to have a horse to participate in the Horse & Pony Club! New in 2022: 4-H members who DO NOT have their own horse are offered a Mentor Showmanship class.   


Jolly Jug Rox Club
Location: Hindostan Church Fellowship Hall
Time: 6:00 pm
Upcoming Dates:

April: Monday April 25

May: Tuesday May 10 & Wednesday May 25

June: Monday June 13 & Monday June 27

July: Tuesday July 5


Jolly Juniors Club
Location: Truelove Church
South on Highway 231
1195 Truelove Church Rd, Loogootee, IN
Time: 6:00 pm

Upcoming Dates:

April: Monday April 18

May: Monday May 9 & Thursday May 26 

June: Monday June 6 & Monday June 20 

July: Tuesday July 5

Questions: Call Leader Kathy Lingenfelter at 812-709-1424


Jr. Leaders – TBA

Shooting Sports Club- TBA

Tractor Club – TBA

The 2022 Martin County 4-H Tractor Contest will be Saturday, June 11th 9:00 am at the Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds for all three Tractor Events: Ag Tractor, Lawn & Garden & Zero Turn.

The 2022 Area III 4-H Tractor Contest will be Saturday, June 25th at Warrick County Fairgrounds for all three Tractor Events: Ag Tractor, Lawn & Garden & Zero Turn. Exhibitors must qualify at the county level to progress to the Area Contest. (Rain date:  June 26, 2022.)

The 2022 Indiana 4-H Tractor Contest is tentatively scheduled for Wednesday, August 10th for all three Tractor Events: Ag Tractor, Lawn & Garden & Zero Turn. Exhibitors must qualify at the area level to progress to the State Contest.


Volunteer with 4-H Robotics Club or Jr. Leaders? 
The Robotics 4-H Club & Jr. Leaders are in search of new volunteer leaders. Express interest by talking with Dena Held or any of the other 4-H Leaders and help make positive 4-H experiences with and for youth!


Virtual 4-H Volunteer Café Series 2.0 Program
Learn how to creative a positive environment and inclusive experience in all 4-H mission areas.
6:30 – 7:30 pm EST
April 19 – “Clubs can be fun”
Register for the free, virtual sessions at  Please call 812-295-2412 if you need any assistance in gaining access the sessions.


Communication and Expressive Arts 2022 Opportunities
A benefactor wants you to choose one or BOTH of the following things to let YOU… Martin County youth… have FUN!

  1. Martin County Performing Arts Contest, April 21, 2022 at 6:30 pm

For youth 3-12 grades $20 enrollment fee will be paid & you perform April 21 at the Martin County Performing Arts contest.

  1. Communication & Expressive Project

For youth 3-12 grades Participate in Martin County 4-H Club activities and exhibit a project (or projects) under the Communication and Expressive Arts. $20 enrollment fee will be paid & you may attend club meetings, participate in activities, and exhibit at the Martin County 4-H Fair.


2022 4-H Camp for Campers!
Youth in grades 3, 4, 5, & 6 are encouraged to at attend 4-H Camp 2022!  A day camp format on June 14 & 15th will be held. Registration and details are available at by logging into your 4honline account!    


Indiana 4-H & Martin County 4-H Animal Details & Forms
Everyone interested may access 4-H animal details at to learn more and access forms for the 4-H year. The Purdue Extension Martin County Office is happy to help with access points and can print forms upon your request. 


4-H Livestock Identification Day
Thursday, April 28th
6 pm – 7:30 pm     
Location: Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds   
Livestock tagging for all livestock species and types of animals needing tagged MUST report to the 4-H Fairgrounds between 6 pm – 7:30 pm for tagging.   This includes: Beef and Dairy Cattle, Goats & Sheep. (Exceptions as found at:
Swine: Tags will be distributed for you to apply at home for biosecurity reasons.  You must complete a swine tag request form with animal information prior to tag distribution.

Tags issued are for 2022 exhibition year.
Any arrangements for other accommodations must be completed PRIOR to April 28th as new identification tags will NOT be distributed after April 28th for those animals requiring tagging. 
The tagging deadline is April 28, 2022. 


Animal ID on 4honline Deadline May 16th
4-H members must identify all Beef and Dairy Cattle, Goats, Horses, Llamas, Sheep and Swine in the 4-H Online system by May 15th (May 16 for 2022 only) to be eligible for exhibition at the Martin County 4-H Fair and/or The Indiana State Fair 4-H Animal Shows.


DNA Collection for Indiana State Fair Exhibition Deadline May 16th
Beef and Dairy Cattle, Meat Goats, Sheep and Swine must submit DNA hair samples by May 15th (May 16 for 2022 only) to the Extension Office to be eligible for Indiana State Fair 4-H Animal Shows.  


Verification of Livestock Breed Status Deadline July 1st
Livestock who are purebred or have other registration papers with exhibitors who wish to show in those respective classes need to provide the properly registered papers by July 1, 2022 to the Extension Office. 


Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA) Martin County Program Deadline for Livestock Exhibitors July 1st

Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA) is a national multi-species quality assurance program for youth ages 8 to 21 with a focus on three core pillars: food safety, animal well-being, and character development. All youth who exhibit livestock are required to be certified annually. Certification can be obtained at an in-person class or via the online modules. 

In Person Martin County Opportunities:
When: Monday, April 25, 2022 or Thursday, May 5, 2022 at 4 PM.
Where: Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds / Community Learning Center, 2666 US Hwy 50, Loogootee. 
Details:  Space is limited and registration is required. If there are no registrants 48 hours before classes, the class will be cancelled.  For more info contact Dena Held

How to register:  Register at    

In person Knox County Opportunities:
April 24 3:00 pm EST at Knox County Fairgrounds
May 17 6:00 pm EST at VU Ag Center
All youth in Indiana exhibiting an animal (Swine, Beef Cattle, Dairy Cattle, Sheep, Goats, Rabbits, and Poultry) at a county or state fair must have completed a Quality Assurance Certification, by July 1, 2021 for Martin County exhibitors. 


Rabbit Tattooing & Poultry Testing
Friday, May 13th
6 pm – 7:30 pm
**Tentative due to potential biosecurity precautions**
Location: Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds


Equine Wednesday Webinars
April 20 – Trailer Safety, Dr. Robin Ridgeway
All sessions begin at 7:00 pm EST. Sessions are free and available through Zoom. Register at:


The ISPA is pleased to announce that we are hosting in person classes this year to certify a new group of Indiana certified Blood Testers!  The dates for the two classes are as follows:

Saturday, April 23, 2022, 8:30 a.m. – Noon at Purdue University (Creighton Hall)

The Registration Fee is $50 for the class, and we will offer an optional Blood Testing Kit (Bleeder and Loop, Plastic Test Plate and laminated How-To document) for $25.

The school teaches participants how to recognize Pullorum-Typhoid through the plate test screening process.  Participants will have the opportunity to practice the plate test, through a simulated lab that demonstrates a negative, weak positive and positive test result.  In addition, the course will provide an introduction to biosecurity, ways to prevent poultry disease, and best practices poultry care for backyard enthusiasts.  In order to complete the course, participants will take a short open book multiple-choice test, where the questions are all pulled from material covered during the course.  Instructors for the course include Purdue University Avian Pathology Professors, staff and residents, Board of Animal Health Veterinarians, and ISPA staff.  All participants will receive a binder of materials, NPIP Blood Tester ID Card, a pad of VS Form 9-2 (Flock Selecting and Testing Reports), and other items.  

Registration to attend either of these classes is now open on our website at


Blood Tester certification is good for three years, those seeking to renew their Blood Tester Recertification can do so online by completing a registration form and taking the recertification exam online.  Blood Tester Recertification costs $25.  Those that complete the process will receive a new Blood Tester ID Card and flash drive with poultry information.  Website for Blood Tester Recertification:  

Indiana State Poultry Association may be reached at:

Indiana State Poultry Association

Purdue University, ANSC

270 South Russell Street

West Lafayette, IN 47907


OFFICE PHONE: 765-494-8517




Purdue Fast Start for Indiana Students
One way to earn admission into Purdue University is through Fast Start.  Indiana Students can take the Modern States online courses for free.  Those who pass a minimum of five corresponding College Board CLEP exams and meet Purdue’s standard admission requirements are assured admission to Purdue and designated Klinsky Scholars. CLEP testing centers are now open along with online options. The Purdue Extension Martin County office staff are available to help local students access this opportunity!


Save the date for a great opportunity for the first 15 adults registered.  (Kids may attend with the registered adult.)  The Family Table is a Purdue Extension Health & Human Science Program where healthy food preparation and nutrition is taught and demonstrated. Weekly meal kits are provided for cooking skill practices at home! Will be held at St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church, Parish Center- Lower Level, 409 E Church Street, Loogootee


  • Wednesday, May 11th at 5:30 pm
  • Wednesday, May 18th at 5:30 pm
  • Wednesday, May 25th at 5:30 pm

All classes and materials are free and registration is required. Program open to all. Class size is limited.
Register here:


Independent Professional Seed Association Scholarships
The Independent Professional Seed Association is pleased to announce the opening of the scholarship period for the 2022/2023 school year. Working with the IPSA Education Committee, the IPSA Board will award ten $2,000 scholarships to students studying in the field of agriculture.

Both high school seniors and active college students majoring in Agriculture are encouraged to apply.  The IPSA Board of Directors encourages all members to send this application to customers and friends, your local

high school FFA chapters and, 4-H Clubs.  We believe this scholarship process is a benefit to all IPSA Member Companies.

After the success of the online application, the IPSA Education Committee has once again worked to make this a smooth process by employing an online application via SurveyMonkey. Send all applicants to this apply here:
Deadline to apply: April 30, 2022


Backyard Poultry Biosecurity Webinar
April 14th at 12:00 pm Eastern
Register at:

With the 2022 outbreak of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in southern Indiana, it has reminded livestock producers about the importance of biosecurity. Please join Jean Doerflein Wilson, Director Animal Disease Traceability and Avian Health Specialist with the Indiana State Board of Animal Health, for this webinar on backyard poultry biosecurity.
This webinar is free and a recording will be shared with registered participants.
Questions? Contact


Poultry Judging Contest
When: May 21, 2022
Where: Montgomery County Fairgrounds, 400 Parke Ave, Crawfordsville, Indiana
Registration deadline: May 13, $10 per contestant
Register at:



Shoals, Indiana: The Daviess-Martin Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area (CISMA) will host a free wildflower walk on Saturday April 16th, 10am at the Bluffs of Beaver Bend Nature Preserve.  Anyone interested is invited to attend to learn to identify the wide variety of rare native plants growing along the roadway at the base of the bluffs and up into the rocks, as well as the invasive garlic mustard that threatens them.  No special equipment will be needed.  The roadway follows closely along the bluffs so this walk will be accessible for all abilities.  The event will take place rain or shine, unless severe weather is forecast. 

To reach the Bluffs, turn south from Highway 50 at the east end of the White River bridge, onto Water Street in downtown Shoals.  Stay on this street/road for exactly one mile, passing the fire station and crossing the bridge over Beaver Creek.  Stop immediately and park at Spout Springs.  We will walk into the preserve from there. 

Karen Whorrall will lead the walk, which is expected to last about 45 minutes, for any questions contact Karen at 812-388-6639.  For more information on this nature preserve visit the Indiana DNR website at If you’re interested in learning more about invasive species in the area, follow the Daviess-Martin CISMA on facebook at You can also contact Invasive Species Specialist Emily Finch at, 812-482-1171 ext.3.

Stem Girdling Roots

By: John Bonkowski

Determining the cause of dieback and decline symptoms in landscape trees can be very difficult due to the many cultural, environmental, and biological factors that could be involved. The first place you should look for a culprit when dealing with this type of tree problem is the base of the trunk and the roots. Stem girdling roots (SGR) are one of the most common and preventable causes for long-term tree decline.

An SGR is as it sounds: a root that girdles the stem. This is important because it is the tree unintentionally killing itself as it grows, leading to long-term decline. Root and trunk diameter increase as they grow and if they are in contact with each other, they will create a layer of compression that begins to strangle the tree, disrupting the flow of water and nutrients moving from the roots and carbohydrates moving down from the leaves. The rate of root and trunk growth is not exceptionally fast and the effects of the SGR takes time to become apparent, if it is apparent at all. Some trees to not exhibit the typical decline symptoms, but instead they may begin leaning in the landscape or fail and fall over during heavy winds due to the roots completely girdling the trunk, creating acute compression at one point, and leading to structural instability. These types of situations can cause trees to either have a one-side trunk flare, no trunk flare (especially if the SGR is below the soil line), or have a thickened area at the root-trunk interface.

SGRs tend to develop due to external factors such as adverse site conditions or improper planting procedure. If the soil is severely compacted or the roots come into contact with an impermeable surface, the roots will grow in a direction in order to get around the impediment. If the roots are unable to grow around the compacted area, it may circle back towards the tree and begin to encircle the tree. These roots may eventually grow into the stem and become SGRs.

How do SGRs develop if your soil is not compacted or the tree isn’t planted in an enclosed space with limited area? Planting a bare-root tree into a hole that is too small for the root system can lead to forcing roots into different directions or even circling the planting hole. If a tree is planted at the correct depth, you can cause SGRs to develop by applying too much mulch (i.e. volcano mulch). The tree can be tricked into thinking that the soil line became higher and put out adventitious roots into this “new soil” and potentially become encircling roots, although this is not always the case.

One of the most common problems that lead to SGRs are pot-bound nursery stock. The longer a plant is grown in a container, the greater the chance there will be roots that hit the side-wall of the pot and begin to grow around the outer edge. If the tree was re-potted with some force, the roots can be pushed into different directions that might lead them SGRs as well. Air pruning containers can get around this issue since the roots stop growing as soon as they come into contact with air and are being used with greater frequency in the industry.

Removal of girdling roots, when identified, can remediate the issue if the SGR is not too severe (very large root proportional to age/size of tree OR very deep compression into stem). In many cases the roots that need to be removed are fairly large in diameter still play an important role of providing a conduit for secondary and tertiary roots to move water and nutrients into the body of the tree. If multiple SGRs are present on one tree, it may be necessary to remove the worst affecting root first and allow the other to remain for some time (one or two seasons) to acclimate to the loss of a major root before removing the other root.

Where possible, it is a much easier and less damaging task in preventing SGRs from developing. This means ensuring you have good soil conditions (not compacted), adequate space for the planting hole, and screening your trees either prior to purchase or planting for encircling roots and SGRs. Please see the following link for recommendations concerning tree installation.

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