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Purdue Extension Martin County Blast February 7, 2022

Purdue University, Indiana Counties and U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperating An Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Institution

2022 Martin County 4-H Handbook NOW AVAILABLE!
Check out the handbook online at


Martin County 2022 Program Involvement and Empowerment
A Leadership Development Series Exploring the Essentials Elements of Positive Youth Development & Overview of the 2022 4-H Club Member Project Guidelines
March 1, 8, 10, 15 6:00 pm EST Attend one or all sessions. 
Community Learning Center, 2666 US Hwy 50, Loogootee, IN
Submit topics of choice or questions ahead of time to
Open at all! Geared for high school youth, adult leaders, parents, and mentors.


Virtual 4-H Volunteer Café Series 2.0 Program
Learn how to creative a positive environment and inclusive experience in all 4-H mission areas.

All sessions 6:30 – 7:30 pm EST

February 28 – “How to” Livestock Workshop

March 8 – Civic Engagement

April 19 – “Clubs can be fun”

Register for the free, virtual sessions at  Please call 812-295-2412 if you need any assistance in gaining access the sessions.


Communication and Expressive Arts 2022 Opportunities

A benefactor wants you to do 1, 2, 3 and/or 4 of the following things to let YOU… Martin County youth… have FUN! Priority deadline to express interest is March 22, 2022. 

1. State 4-H Band Workshop, June 18-20, 2022 at Purdue University Campus

Open to all high school age youth. Participants perform to over 500 people. (Youth pays $50 deposit to Martin County CES Ed Fund and once attends Band Workshop, will be reimbursed the $50) Full registration fee & 4-H enrollment will be paid by the benefactor! If other expenses are needed to be paid for you to attend, please discuss with Dena Held. Deadline to apply April 1, 2022.

  1. State 4-H Chorus Workshop, June 18-21, 2022 at Purdue University Campus

Open to all high school age youth. Participants perform to over 500 people. (Youth pays $50 deposit to Martin County CES Ed Fund and once attends Chorus Workshop, will be reimbursed the $50) Full registration fee & 4-H enrollment will be paid by the benefactor! If other expenses are needed to be paid for you to attend, please discuss with Dena Held. Deadline to apply April 1, 2022.

  1. Martin County Performing Arts Contest, April 21, 2022 at 6:30 pm

For youth 3-12 grades $20 enrollment fee will be paid & you perform April 21 at the Martin County Performing Arts contest.

  1. Communication & Expressive Project

For youth 3-12 grades Participate in Martin County 4-H Club activities and exhibit a project (or projects) under the Communication and Expressive Arts. $20 enrollment fee will be paid & you may attend club meetings, participate in activities, and exhibit at the Martin County 4-H Fair.



BE a Camp Counselor! Deadline to Apply EXTENDED to March 4th

All youth freshman to senior grades, are invited to apply to be a camp counselor at the Daviess, Dubois, Martin, Perry, & Pike 4-H Camp!  Camp is June 13, 14 & 15, 2022 at Santa Claus Campground, Santa Claus, Indiana!

Being a camp counselor provides a variety of benefits, including:  It is FUN!

Invaluable skill-building

New friends

Great skill building for scholarships, employment & college!

A resume builder

A break from the normal

Mentor younger youth

Surrounding yourself with positivity

No prior camp or camp counselor experience required

No out of pocket camp counselor financial cost: your expenses are paid for by sponsors and/or other ways on your behalf.

More Fun!

Beautiful camp facilities

Steps to be a camp counselor:

  1. Enroll in 4-H. If you have not enrolled in 4--H, visit and reenroll for the current If you need help paying the $20 enrollment fee please email or call 812-295-2412.
  2. Complete        the camp counselor application at which says “Camp Counselor Daviess Dubois, Martin, Perry & Pike” under the events tab on your 4honline profile.
  3. Complete your enrollment & application no later than Friday, March 4, 2022.
  4. Focus on being the best in your camp counselor role!
  5. Commit, attend & display the competencies needed and also taught at the camp counselor trainings.


2022 4-H Camp for Campers! SAVE THE DATE!

Youth in grades 3, 4, 5, & 6 are encouraged to hold the following dates for 2022 4-H Camp!  June 13, 14 & 15, 2022. 


Indiana 4-H & Martin County 4-H Animal Details & Forms

Everyone interested may access 4-H animal details at to learn more and access forms for the 4-H year. The Purdue Extension Martin County Office is happy to help with access points and can print forms upon your request.  SAVE THE DATES of Thursday, April 28th for livestock tagging, TAG DISTRIBUTION FOR SWINE, and Friday, May 13th for Poultry Blood Testing & Rabbit Tattooing at the Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds.


Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA) Martin County Program Required for Livestock Exhibitors by July 1st

Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA) is a national multi-species quality assurance program for youth ages 8 to 21 with a focus on three core pillars: food safety, animal well-being, and character development. All youth who exhibit livestock are required to be certified annually. Certification can be obtained at an in-person class or via the online modules. 

In Person Martin County Opportunities: 

When: Monday, April 25, 2022 or Thursday, May 5, 2022 at 4 PM.

Where: Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds / Community Learning Center, 2666 US Hwy 50, Loogootee. 

Details:  Space is limited and registration is required. If there are no registrants 48 hours before classes, the class will be cancelled.  For more info contact Dena Held

How to register:  Register at and log in using your 4HOnline email and password.

All youth in Indiana exhibiting an animal (Swine, Beef Cattle, Dairy Cattle, Sheep, Goats, Rabbits, and Poultry) at a county or state fair must have completed a Quality Assurance Certification, by July 1, 2021 for Martin County exhibitors. 


Junior Pork Day

Save the date for March 26th for the Junior Pork Day at Creighton Hall – Purdue University.  The full schedule will be available soon.

Junior Pork Day is a special 1-day workshop held annually at Purdue University to provide 4-H swine members and their families with current information and hands-on learning to spark their interest in the swine industry. During this educational workshop, participants rotate individually through a series of stations that test their skills in the areas of swine evaluation, parts identification, and other areas of the swine industry.


Forage Forum Fridays

Join Purdue Extension as they host Forage Forum Fridays on Fridays at Noon EST for great in-depth forage topics!

Feb 18, 2022: Forage harvest equipment maintenance

Feb 25, 2022: Livestock Production Labeling

 If you have never registered for the Forage Forum Friday series, visit:


Tensions of Farm Succession: Free Webinar
Tuesday, February 22, 2022 3:00 pm – 4:00 pm EST

Deadline to register: February 18, 2022

Register at:

For many farms, transferring the farm to a next generation is the ultimate legacy goal, especially when transferring within the family. But it’s not all rainbows and roses. Farmers focus on the technical details of transferring assets, much like machinery repair: if you put the right nut with the corresponding bolt ... voila, you have a plan. But succession planning involves humans, with corresponding emotions. Research around farm succession has identified several “tensions” that can cause stress during the planning process. Those areas of tensions include:

  • Financial concerns
  • Control
  • Change
  • Inheritance distribution
  • Communication

If farm families/farm partners can identify their potential tensions and approach the plan with their tensions in mind, they can avoid some of the common “stalls” or pitfalls many farms face. This webinar will discuss these tensions and ideas on how to address them, including the value of a facilitator to help navigate potentially stressful but necessary conversations.


Martin County Purdue Extension Giving Link
Purdue Extension works with residents to build vibrant communities, strong families and profitable businesses by providing programming to residents in the following four areas:

  • Agriculture and Natural Resources
  • Community Development
  • Health and Human Sciences
  • 4-H Youth Development

If you would like to help make a difference and further programming in Martin County, you may now make donations online to Purdue Extension Martin County at:


ServSafe Manager Class and Certification Exam
The ServSafe Class and Certification Exam fulfills Indiana requirements to become a “Certified Food Protection Manager” (formerly called Certified Food Handlers). Exams are available in a variety of languages and classes are offered in English and Spanish in our area.

The class and proctored examinations are offered at a variety of dates and locations. Training with Exam or Exam Only options for those who self-study are available. For a list of upcoming class dates visit:


Celebrate Agriculture!  Martin County Ag Day 

March 19, 2022 8:00 am - 11:00 am EST Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds

All Americans need to understand the value of agriculture in their daily lives. Below are just some of the key reasons why it's important to recognize & celebrate Ag Day each year:

  1. Increased knowledge of agriculture and nutrition allows individuals to make informed personal choices about diet & health.
  2. Informed citizens will be able to participate in establishing the policies that will support a competitive agricultural industry in this country and abroad.
  3. Employment opportunities exist across the board in agriculture. Here are few Ag Careers:
  • Agribusiness Management & Marketing
  • Invasive Plant Management
  • Agricultural Research & Engineering
  • Food Science Processing
  • retailing
  • Banking
  • Education & Extension
  • Landscape
  • Architecture
  • Urban planning
  • Farm planning
  • Energy



Save the date for a great opportunity for the first 15 adults registered.  (Kids may attend with the registered adult.)  The Family Table is a Purdue Extension Health & Human Science Program where healthy food preparation and nutrition is taught and demonstrated. Weekly meal kits are provided for cooking skill practices at home! St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church, Parish Center- Lower Level, 409 E Church Street, Loogootee


  • Wednesday, May 11th at 5:30 pm
  • Wednesday, May 18th at 5:30 pm
  • Wednesday, May 25th  at 5:30 pm


Equine Wednesday Webinars
February 16 – Preparing Pastures for spring, Dr. Keith Johnson

March 9 – Health and Vaccinations, Dr. Amanda Farr

April 20 – Trailer Safety, Dr. Robin Ridgeway

All sessions begin at 7:00 pm EST. Sessions are free and available through Zoom. Register at:


Purdue Extension offers virtual workshop series to assist families with farm succession

The Purdue Extension Succession Planning Team is hosting the virtual workshop “Farm and Family Business Succession:  Strategies to Stay on Track” this winter for farm operators wanting to move forward with succession planning.

 “Many families strive to have a good succession process in place.  However, it is often necessary to evaluate goals and make adjustments based on economic outlook and other family dynamics,” said Ed Farris, Purdue Extension Educator in Huntington Co., who is a member of the Purdue Extension Succession Planning Team.  “This program is designed to help families stay focused in their planning decisions.”

 The three-night virtual workshop will be Tuesdays from 12:00 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. (ET) February 15, February 22 and March 1.

 The program will feature Purdue Extension educators and professionals, who work with agricultural operations.  Ken Roney, JD, CPA, and CLU with Indiana Farm Bureau Insurance, will present on Feb. 22. Dan Siewers, attorney with Hart Bell, LLC will present on March 1.

 The series will offer the following presentations:

  • February 15 – Barriers to Succession Planning, Building Your Advisory Team, and First Steps in Succession Planning
  • February 22 – Insurance for the Successor and Retirement Planning for Families
  • March 1 – Operating and Buy-Sell Agreements and Structuring Your Farm Succession Plan: Will Inheritance Taxes be an Issue?

 The registration fee is $30 per person/household/farm. Register by February 9 at:

 For more information or accommodation, please email Krista Pullen -  Registration questions can be directed to the Purdue Education Store at  



The ISPA is pleased to announce that we are hosting two in person classes this year to certify a new group of Indiana certified Blood Testers!  The dates for the two classes are as follows:

Thursday, April 7, 2022, 4:00 p.m.-7:30 p.m. at SIPAC (Dubois, IN)

Saturday, April 23, 2022, 8:30 a.m. – Noon at Purdue University (Creighton Hall)

 The Registration Fee is $50 for the class, and we will offer an optional Blood Testing Kit (Bleeder and Loop, Plastic Test Plate and laminated How-To document) for $25.

 The school teaches participants how to recognize Pullorum-Typhoid through the plate test screening process.  Participants will have the opportunity to practice the plate test, through a simulated lab that demonstrates a negative, weak positive and positive test result.  In addition, the course will provide an introduction to biosecurity, ways to prevent poultry disease, and best practices poultry care for backyard enthusiasts.  In order to complete the course, participants will take a short open book multiple-choice test, where the questions are all pulled from material covered during the course.  Instructors for the course include Purdue University Avian Pathology Professors, staff and residents, Board of Animal Health Veterinarians, and ISPA staff.  All participants will receive a binder of materials, NPIP Blood Tester ID Card, a pad of VS Form 9-2 (Flock Selecting and Testing Reports), and other items.  

Registration to attend either of these classes is now open on our website at



Blood Tester certification is good for three years, those seeking to renew their Blood Tester Recertification can do so online by completing a registration form and taking the recertification exam online.  Blood Tester Recertification costs $25.  Those that complete the process will receive a new Blood Tester ID Card and flash drive with poultry information.  Website for Blood Tester Recertification:  

Indiana State Poultry Association may be reached at:

Indiana State Poultry Association

Purdue University, ANSC

270 South Russell Street

West Lafayette, IN 47907


OFFICE PHONE: 765-494-8517




Poultry Workshop

There will be a free 4-H Poultry Workshop at the Vanderburgh 4-H Center Banquet Hall on Saturday March 12th, 9am-11am CST Everyone is welcome. Learn about breeds for home needs and showing, proper care and nutrition, showmanship and what is needed to show at the fair. The workshop will be given by Matt McCammon – Vanderburgh County Poultry Judge, Master Exhibitor and Master Breeder


First-of-its-kind Estimate of the Total Number of Tree Species

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. — One person can’t measure all the trees in the world, but when many people come together, a global view becomes possible. A worldwide collaboration of scientists has produced the first ground-sourced data estimate of the total number of tree species on Earth and found that more than 9,000 species have yet to be discovered.

Although around 64,000 tree species have been documented, the total global number of tree species – both documented and undocumented – remained unknown. The international team’s work, which is detailed in a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveals an answer. It estimates there are approximately 73,300 tree species in the world today.

 This project is co-led by Jingjing Liang, a professor of quantitative forest ecology in Purdue’s Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, and Peter B. Reich, a professor of forest ecology at both the University of Minnesota and the University of Michigan. A YouTube video is available online.

  “Tree species diversity is the key to maintaining healthy, productive forests, and it is important to the economy and environment,” said Liang, who is the founder of the Global Forest Biodiversity Initiative (GFBI), and part of the Purdue’s Next Moves’ digital forestry initiative. Reich, the co-corresponding author of the paper, said, “These results highlight the vulnerability of global forest biodiversity to anthropogenic changes, particularly land use and climate, because the survival of rare taxa is disproportionately threatened by these pressures.”

The researchers estimate that one-third of the undiscovered species are rare with small numbers of trees and likely exist in tropical or subtropical areas like the Amazon Rain Forest.

“For instance, South America contains roughly 43% of the planet’s tree species and the highest number of rare species,” Liang said. “It is very possible we could lose undiscovered tree species to extinction before we even find them.” Bryan Pijanowski, professor of landscape and soundscape ecology in the Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, who participated in the project, said the analysis is a critical step for environmental protection.  “As scientists assess how global biodiversity is changing, we need to know how many species currently exist and where global hot spots are for us to begin to reverse the disturbing trends that we are now witnessing on planet Earth,” he said.

The global initiative GFBI has steadily grown over the past five years, and its efforts to understand the world’s tree population are bearing fruit. The global tree species estimate follows development of the first global map of tree symbioses, published in the journal Nature, and discovery that forest biodiversity benefits the economy by more than five times the cost of conservation efforts, published in the journal Science.

 “We combined individual datasets into one massive global dataset of tree-level data,” Liang said. “Each set comes from someone going out to a forest stand and measuring every single tree — collecting information about the tree species, sizes and other characteristics. Counting the number of tree species worldwide is like a puzzle with pieces spreading all over the world. We solved it together as a team, each sharing our own piece.”

Liang originated the idea for the initiative while he was a junior faculty member in Alaska working on forest growth models.

“I literally found a rich forest inventory dataset in someone’s drawer,” he said. “I realized people would want that information, but it had never been published. Scientists would share their data on a project or request basis, but there was no central repository for the valuable data people were collecting.”

“It sparked a personal mission, and I began collecting more datasets. Over the next few years it evolved, with the help of many others, into this global, grassroots effort.”

The global dataset is the largest known to date, Liang said. It currently includes more than 38 million trees, spanning 90 countries and 100 territories.

“Through this vast amount of data, we have a good picture of tree species diversity for different biomes and at the continental level, which is what we used to make this estimate” said Liang, who also is co-director of Purdue’s Lab of Forest Advanced Computing and Artificial Intelligence (FACAI). “Our database includes 64,100 confirmed tree species. Our estimate of the total global number of tree species fits with existing scientific knowledge and is in line with numbers theorized in earlier studies.”

To improve the accuracy of their estimate, the team members also used in their analyses an independent occurrence-based sample data of more than 6 million trees across all continents. Because the overall dataset was so large, the team used Purdue’s high-performance computing facilities to assess the data, Liang said.

“It is difficult to manage or conserve resources without a good understanding of what exists,” said Douglass F. Jacobs, Purdue’s Fred M van Eck Professor of Forest Biology and associate head of Extension, who was part of the project team. “The GFBI has allowed us to leap forward in developing more accurate estimates through unparalleled collaborative global data sets and advanced computing technologies.”

 FACAI Lab postdoctoral research associate Roberto Cazzolla Gatti, who is now an associate professor at the University of Bologna (Italy), was a team member and first author of the paper.

 “Extensive knowledge of tree richness and diversity is key to preserving the stability and functionality of ecosystems,” Gatti said.

 Mo Zhou, associate professor of forest economics and management in the Department of Forestry of Natural Resources at Purdue and co-director of FACAI, contributed HPC resources to this study.

“An accurate estimation of the number of tree species globally is a great piece of knowledge,” Zhou said, “No matter what will happen in future, our children and their children will know the Earth harbors approximately 70,000 tree species in the dawn of the 21st century.”

 This work is supported in part by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture McIntire Stennis projects 1017711; and New Faculty Start-Up Grant, Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University
Writer: Elizabeth K. Gardner; 765-441-2024;

Sources: Jingjing Liang;; Douglass F. Jacobs;

Bryan Pijanowski;; Mo Zhou;  



The number of tree species on Earth

One of the most fundamental questions in ecology is how many species inhabit the Earth. However, due to massive logistical and financial challenges and taxonomic difficulties connected to the species concept definition, the global numbers of species, including those of important and well-studied life forms such as trees, still remain largely unknown. Here, based on global ground-sourced data, we estimate the total tree species richness at global, continental and biome levels. Our results indicate that there are approximately 73k tree species globally, among which ~9k tree species are yet to be discovered. Roughly 40% of undiscovered tree species are in South America. Moreover, almost one third of all tree species to be discovered may be rare, with very low populations and limited spatial distribution (likely in remote tropical lowlands and mountains). These findings highlight the vulnerability of global forest biodiversity to anthropogenic changes in land use and climate, which disproportionately threaten rare species, and thus global tree richness.

Agricultural Communications: 765-494-8415;

Maureen Manier, Department Head,


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