St. Joseph County

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Purdue Extension: Expert Resources for COVID-19


December 17, 2014

Protect your family from food poisoning by using a food thermometer to make sure your turkey is cooked to a safe internal temperature of 165° F. 

How to Measure Turkey Temperature

Insert a food thermometer into the thickest part of the thigh, not touching bone. Check the internal temperature in the innermost part of the thigh and wing and the thickest part of the breast. For reasons of personal preference, cook turkey to higher temperatures but not to exceed 170 °F in the breast and 180 °F in the thigh. 
If the turkey is done and the stuffing is not yet 165 °F, remove the stuffing from the turkey and place it in a greased casserole dish to continue cooking to temperature.

Turkey Cooking Guidance

Here are time estimates for cooking turkey at 325 °F in a conventional/thermal oven: 
Un-stuffed Turkey:
8 to 12 pounds...2-3/4 to 3 hours 
12 to 14 pounds...3 to 3-3/4 hours 
14 to 18 pounds...3-3/4 to 4-1/4 hours
18 to 20 pounds...4-1/4 to 4-1/2 hours
Stuffed Turkey:
8 to 12 pounds...3 to 3-1/2 hours
12 to 14 pounds...3-1/2 to 4 hours
14 to 18 pounds...4 to 4-1/4 hours 
18 to 20 pounds...4-1/4 to 4-3/4 hours
 Find more Holiday Food Safety tips, including how to love your leftovers at
2014 The Partnership for Food Safety Education
The non-profit Partnership for Food Safety Education saves lives and improves public health through research-based, actionable, consumer food safety initiatives that reduce foodborne illness. 

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