Ponds are complex aquatic ecosystems. They play home to plants, insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. They also consist of many non-living factors like temperature, oxygen and nutrients. When all of these factors are in balance, a pond can be productive and enjoyable for the land owner. The key to sustainable pond management is understanding the different species and interactions in pond ecosystems. Many important species (e.g. fish) can’t exist without other species (e.g. plants). Careful planning is also important to identify clear goals for your pond, and ongoing management will help you reach your desired goals.
To help you understand and manage pond ecosystems in Indiana for fishing, this website provides detailed information on the following topics: