Skip to Main Content

Avian Influenza Found in Dubois County

Click the link below for updated information from the Indiana Board of Animal Health.

State of Indiana Response to
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza
Note: New information is highlighted in BOLD ITALIC type.
Total number of affected premises =6
Total number of affected counties = 2
Premises by County/Number of flocks
Dubois: 4
Greene: 2
Total number of birds affected in Indiana
Commercial Turkeys: 171,260
Avian influenza has been detected in an additional commercial poultry flock.
DUBOIS4:  Laboratory testing of a commercial flock of turkeys in Dubois County has identified H5 avian
influenza virus. This is considered a presumptive-positive case, and samples are being verified at the USDA
National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Iowa. This is the sixth farm (known as Dubois4) in Indiana to
be diagnosed with avian influenza. Pending verification test results should indicate if the virus is the same as
the index farm diagnosed on Feb. 9 and if the virus is highly pathogenic.
Depopulation efforts are underway on the premises, which houses 16,479 birds. 
The location of Dubois4 is approximately 6/10 of a mile south from the Dubois3 site; therefore, a sixth 10-km
circle control area has been established. All commercial poultry within this control area will be
quarantined and tested regularly for the duration of this event (i.e., until the control area is lifted).
BOAH staff continue to reach out to known hobby/backyard poultry owners in the control areas to schedule
testing of birds to ensure the virus is not present. To date, 74 hobby flocks have been sampled; laboratory
testing determined them as negative. Hobby poultry owners in Southern Dubois
County or Greene County should contact BOAH at 317-544-2387 to schedule testing at no charge. 
On Feb. 9, 2022, a confirmed case of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) was identified in a single
commercial turkey flock in Dubois County. This is the first report of HPAI in commercial poultry in the United
States since 2020 and the first in Indiana since 2016.
Samples were collected from the birds on Feb. 7 and submitted to the Indiana Animal Disease Diagnostic
Laboratory (ADDL) at Purdue University after approximately one hundred birds died, flock appeared lethargic
and decreased consumption of water. Tests indicated a likely infection of an H5 avian influenza virus. Under
standard protocols, the results were reported to the Indiana State Board of Animal Health (BOAH), which
authorized prompt transport of the samples to US Department of Agriculture’s National Veterinary Services
Laboratory (NVSL) in Ames, IA for confirmatory testing.
NVSL confirmed that the virus present was a highly pathogenic strain of H5N1 (with a Eurasian H5
goose/Guangdong lineage). Upon confirmation of HPAI, the 29,000 turkeys in the flock (known as Dubois 1)
were depopulated to prevent the spread of the disease in the area. 
On Feb. 15 laboratory testing of a second commercial flock of turkeys in Dubois County has identified the H5
avian influenza virus (known as Dubois2). Upon confirmation of HPAI, the 26,473 turkeys in the flock were
depopulated to prevent the spread of the disease in the area.
On Feb. 17, laboratory testing of a commercial flock of turkeys in Greene County has identified the H5 avian
influenza virus (known as Greene1). A total of 48,000 turkeys in the flock were depopulated.
On Feb. 18, laboratory testing identified H5 avian influenza (AI) in a commercial turkey flock in Greene County
(known as Greene2). A total of 15,400 turkeys were depopulated.
On Feb. 22, laboratory testing identified H5 AI in commercial turkeys in Dubois County (Dubois3) about 2.5 miles
west of Dubois1. H5N1 was subsequently confirmed by NVSL on Feb. 24. A total of 35,908 turkeys were
A 10-km control area (CA) is established around each HPAI-affected flock. All commercial flocks in the control
areas must be tested for avian influenza at least weekly. Small, hobby flocks are also subject to testing. A
surveillance zone is also established in the 10-km circle beyond the control area. Flocks in the surveillance zone
must be tested every other week.
As part of existing avian influenza response plans, federal and state partners are working jointly on additional
surveillance and testing in areas around the affected flocks. The United States has the strongest AI surveillance
program in the world, and USDA is working with its partners to actively look for the disease in commercial
poultry operations, live bird markets and in migratory wild bird populations.
BOAH is working with multiple state and federal partners to respond to this event, including Indiana Department
of Health, Indiana Department of Homeland Security, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indiana
Department of Environmental Management, andUSDA Veterinary Services, Wildlife Services and Farm Service
Food Safety
Avian influenza does not present a food safety risk; poultry and eggs are safe to eat. Officials are not aware of
any public health significance with this virus. No cases of human infection have been reported. Human health
agencies will be monitoring workers and others in contact with birds to monitor for influenza-like illness.
Animal Health
Hobby poultry owners are encouraged to be aware of the signs of avian influenza and report illness and/or
death to the USDA Healthy Birds Hotline: 866-536-7593. Callers will be routed to a state or federal veterinarian
in Indiana for a case assessment. Dead birds should be double-bagged and refrigerated for possible testing.
Signs include:  sudden death without clinical signs; lack of energy or appetite; decreased egg production; softshelled or misshapen eggs; swelling or purple discoloration of head, eyelids, comb, hocks; nasaldischarge;
coughing; sneezing; lack of coordination; and diarrhea. A great resource for backyard bird health information is
online at:
Situation updates and status reports about ongoing avian influenza activities, along with critical disease-related
information, will be posted online at: Users may subscribe to email and/or text updates on a subscribe link at that
Human Health
Recent detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza A H5N1 viruses (H5N1 bird flu) in wild birds and poultry
pose a low risk to the health of the general public; however, rare human infections are possible. Human
infections are most likely to be rare and happen in people with recreational or occupational exposures involving
prolonged, unprotected close contact with infected birds or contaminated environments. CDC is taking routine
preparedness measures to be ready in case human infections with these viruses happen. IDOH offers the
following guidance documents for poultry growers and emergency responders to protect their health:
• Indiana Department of Health Avian Flu Producer Information
• Indiana Department of Health Avian Flu Post-Exposure Information
Mental Health
Community members who are affected by this animal health emergency are to be aware of the possible
impact on their mental health and to seek assistance if needed. Available resources include:
• Lifespring Health Systems: Local to Jasper, IN; provides support/crisis counseling to the
famers and workers on staff of farms affected.
o Call 812-482-3030
• Be Well Indiana: Feeling overwhelmed, stressed, anxious or alone? Call this free,
confidential resource available 24/7 to anyone in the state of Indiana. 
o Call 2-1-1 and enter your ZIP code.
o Follow the prompts and select number 3 for the Be Well Crisis Helpline.
• Farm Aid: This organization connects farmers with helpful services, resources and
opportunities specific to their individual needs. Call the Farmer Hotline for immediate assistance
Monday through Friday from 9:00 AM to 10:00 PM Eastern time. 
o Call 1-800-FARM-AID (1-800-327-6243).
• National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: Provides 24/7, free and confidential support for
people in distress, as well as prevention and crisis resources for you or your loved ones. 
o Dial 9-8-8 or call 1-800-273-TALK (1-800-273-8255).
Indiana is a leading producer of poultry, eggs and poultry products. Nationally, Indiana ranks number 1 in ducks,
second in layer chickens and table eggs, and third in turkeys, as well as a major producer of broilers. Dubois
County is Indiana’s leading turkey-producing county.
Ongoing/Latest Updates:
Updates are available online at:    Visit that webpage to subscribe for updates delivered via text and/or email by clicking the red
“subscribe” icon at the top.
Media-Only Contact:
Denise Derrer Spears, Indiana State Board of Animal Health Public Information Director
Email:  Phone:  317-544-2414 

Featured Stories

A Wet Harvest and Its Lasting Effects
Cover Crops Healing Ruts

This past fall's wet conditions may left damaging ruts caused by heavy farm equipment and...

Read More
Purdue Extension.
Pike County Agriculture & Natural Resources

Read More
To Top