FoodLink - Purdue Extension


Pyrus communis
Available from August to January


There are ten common types of pears in the United States.

Green Anjou: This is a widely recognized type in the United States. It also is the most abundant and can be found almost year round. They do not change color when they ripen. Great for any use.

Red Anjou: Fruit have the same taste and texture as green anjou and are used in same ways. They add vibrant colors to dishes.

Bartlett: Fruit have a rounded bell bottom and narrow and smaller toward the neck. You often buy them green from grocers, and then ripen them at home. They turn yellow when ripe. 

Red Bartlett -  The summer pear, known for its floral fragrance.  Skin color brightens as it ripens, just like the yellow bartlett pear.  

Bosc - Unique for their color which is warm-brown and russeting covers some or all of the pear.  This pear is sweet, juicy before its fully rlpened.

Comice - Sweetest and juiciest of all pears. Rounded with short neck, known as the Christmas Pear.

Concorde: These fruit are best identified by their long necks that almost come to a point with stems so long they curve over. They have yellow-green skin with dense flesh that is juicy and sweet.

Seckel: This tiny pear has chubby, round body and a short stem. The skin is olive-green and, at times, looks maroon.

Forelle: Fruit have a bell-shaped, symmetrical body and short neck. The flesh is moist and crisp and has red lenticles, or freckles. It is a snacking pear with a sweet flavor. 

Starkrimson: These fruit are crimson red and have thick stems. They are mild, sweet, juicy, and great for salads or snacking.


Pears can be eaten raw and cooked.  

To Peel: Use a vegetable/fruit peeler. Start at the top of the pear and peel down until you remove all the skin.

To Core: Slice the pear in half lenghtwise, and then cut out the core.  

Bake: Heat the oven to 350°F. Peel and cut two large pears in half. Remove the stems and cores. In a bowl, whisk together one tablespoon unsalted butter, a teaspoon of vanilla extract, 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon, and a teaspoon of butter for the baking dish. Brush pears with this mixture cut side down for 30 minutes on each side.


Short-Term Storage

Store pears at room temperature. Pears do not ripen on the tree. Once the pear ripens, its ready to eat. To slow down ripening, place it in refrigerator for up to five days. Never refridgerate an unripe pear.  Pears can be stored at room temperature for 1-4 days after ripe.

Long-Term Storage

Pears are great for canning and winter recipes for a fresh summer taste. They can also be dried.

Learn more about canning and freezing pears.

Learn more about canning pears.

Learn more about freezing pears.

Learn more about drying fruits and vegetables.

Quick Fact Sources

Pears have been cultivated for nearly 4,000 years.

Nutrition Information

Serving Size

1 Medium Pear (178g)







% Daily Value

Total Calories




1 g





Dietary Fiber



Total Sugars



Total Fat



Saturated Fat













 16 mg



2 mg



 0 mg








Vitamin A

 2 ug


Vitamin C

 8 mg








Food Safety Tips

Always keep fresh produce away from raw meat and raw meat juices to avoid cross-contamination.

Follow the safe food guidelines for all fresh produce.

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