Skip to Main Content

Purdue Extension Martin County Blast June 6, 2022

Purdue Extension Martin County Blast 5-30-22

 MEET & GREET PROGRAM IN MARTIN COUNTY:  Assistant Director of Extension & 4-H Youth Development Program Leader to visit in June

All are invited to attend a local program with Dr. Casey Mull. Topics for the program will include an overview of 4-H Opportunities 4 All; 4-H Visioning & Connections through Conversation.

Members of the State of Indiana 4-H Ambassador Team as well as entertainment from 4-H Performing Arts will be included in the evening.   RECENTLY added to the agenda:  Queen Alyssa McKillip, Miss Indiana State Fair 2022 will be in attendance. 

When: June 28, 2022 at 7:30 pm EST

Where: Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds, Community Building, 2666 US Hwy 50, Loogootee, Indiana

Please RSVP by June 24 by emailing or call/text 812-887-2783.


Prepare for the 4-H Fair!

It is time to enter 4-H exhibits for the Martin County Fair!  You must go online and log into Fair Entry using your 4honline credentials. Go to, then “find your fair,” then “Indiana,” then “2022 Martin County 4-H Fair.”  ALL PROJECTS, including mini, must be entered by June 25.   Call us at 812-295-2412 and we are happy to help. 


2022 Fair entry opened June 1st

6-1-2022 – 6-25-2022

Fair Entry must be completed for all exhibits (Mini & Regular 4-H)                                                               of the Martin 4-H County Fair


All 4-H Exhibitors involved in livestock projects must have completed YQCA and submitted certificates – visit to locate the best class option.


All Exhibitors showing registered/purebred animals must submit registration papers


Poster Boards & Sleeves available

Poster boards and sleeves are available for purchase at the Martin County Extension Office. The office is open Monday-Friday 8 am – 4 pm. After hour appointments are available by scheduling.

Foam poster boards:  $4 per board

Plastic poster board sleeves:  $1 per sleeve

Plastic salon print sleeves: $1 per sleeve


Martin County 4-H Club Meetings

Every 4-H member is invited to all Club Meetings and members are encouraged to be members of multiple clubs.


Dream Team Club

Date                Day of the Week                     Time                           Location

6-12-22           Sunday                                    6:00 pm                       St. Martin’s Hall

7-2-22             Saturday                                  10:00 am                     St. Martin’s Hall

7-10-22           Sunday                                    6:00 pm                       Loogootee City Park

7-11-22           Monday                                   5:30 pm                       Martin County 4-H

                        (Records signing during fair set-up)                          Fairgrounds


Horse & Pony Club

Upcoming meetings dates TBA

Horses welcome with approved horse health certificates and MUST be signed by a licenses Veterinary.  Health certificates may be accessed at:

Or hard copy picked up at the Extension Office.

4-H members do NOT need to have a horse to participate in the Horse & Pony Club! New in 2022: 4-H members who DO NOT have their own horse are offered a Mentor Showmanship class.   


Jolly Jug Rox Club

Upcoming Dates:

Monday, June 27 6:00 pm at Shoals Recycling Center

Tuesday, July 5 6:00 pm at Shoals Public Library


Jolly Juniors Club

Location: Truelove Church

South on Highway 231

1195 Truelove Church Rd, Loogootee, IN

Time: 6:00 pm

Upcoming Dates:

June: Monday, June 20 

July: Tuesday, July 5

Questions: Call Leader Kathy Lingenfelter at 812-709-1424


Tractor Club

The 2022 Area III 4-H Tractor Contest will be Saturday, June 25th at Warrick County Fairgrounds for all three Tractor Events: Ag Tractor, Lawn & Garden & Zero Turn. Exhibitors must qualify at the county level to progress to the Area Contest. (Rain date:  June 26, 2022.)

The 2022 Indiana 4-H Tractor Contest is scheduled for Wednesday, August 10th for all three Tractor Events: Ag Tractor, Lawn & Garden & Zero Turn. Exhibitors must qualify at the area level to progress to the State Contest.


Martin County 4-H Cat Project Workshop

Learn about cat resources, prepare for exhibition, and have fun!
When: Monday, June 20 5:15 pm

Where: Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds, Emergency Management Building

Who: Youth participating in the 2022 4-H Cat project and all youth interested in exploring the cat project!    Parents/mentors are welcome to attend.

Cost: Free

Questions: Contact Martin County 4-H Cat Department Superintendent Taylor Smith at 812-899-2294 (text or voice) or the Extension Office.


2022 Martin County 4-H Summer Dates

Monday, July 11

3:30 pm – Fashion Revue Event –The public is invited

6:00 pm – Set up at Fairgrounds for all 4-Hers, Leaders & Volunteers


Tuesday, July 12

5:30 pm – 7:30 pm All Static Project Exhibits Check-In Judging at the Community Building

                                Includes Mini 4-H exhibits, all 4-H perishable and non-perishable projects.


Wednesday, July 13

6:00 pm – 7:30 pm All Open Class Project Exhibit Check-In


Thursday, July 14

6:00 pm – 7:30 pm Livestock Check-In


Friday, July 15

6:00 pm -7:30 pm Horse & Pony Check-In




Friday, July 15

3 pm – Cat Show at Emergency Management Building

5 pm – Community Building and vendors open

5 pm – Sign up for Silent Auction items

5 – 7 pm – Antique Tractor Show

6 – 9 pm – Carnival Games

6:30 pm – Queen Contest, Fashion Revue, Mini Sewing Members

30 min after Queen Contest – Zephyr Van Moor


Saturday, July 16

9 am – Community Building opens

9 am – Beef & Dairy Show

9 am – Horse & Pony Show (horses released after show)

10 am – Mud Volleyball Contest

1 pm – Rabbit Show

5 pm – Sign up for Silent Auction items

5:30 pm – Poultry Show

6 – 9 pm – Carnival Games


Sunday, July 17

1 pm – Community Building opens

2 pm – Farm Bureau Games

2:30 pm – Corn Hole registration

3:30 pm – Kiddie Tractor Pull registration

3:30 pm – Corn Hole Tournament

4 pm – Shooting Sports Demonstration

4 pm – Shoals Robotics

4:30 pm – Kiddie Tractor Pull

5 pm – Gospel Signing

5 pm – Sign up for Silent Auction items

6 pm – Baby Show

6 pm – Sheep & Goat Show

6 – 9 pm – Carnival Games

6 pm – Emergency Services Showcase


Monday, July 18

5 pm – Community Building opens

5 pm – Oreo stacking and watermelon seed contest

5 pm – Sign up for Silent Auction items

5:30 – Cowabunga

6 pm – Pie Baking Contest

6 pm – Swine Show


Tuesday, July 19

5 pm – Community Building opens  

5 pm – Sign up for Silent Auction items

5:30 pm – Supreme Showmanship

7 pm – 10 year and Last Year Member Recognition

7:30 pm – Livestock Auction


The Martin County 4-H Junior Leader members Head up Fairs Cares Program

Help the local food banks at the 4-H Fair, July 15-19. For every 5 pounds of non-perishable food items, one state fair ticket will be given ($14 per ticket value). The tickets are limited, but the need for food is not. Please come out and support the food banks. Cash donations for Fairs Cares Program will also be accepted. 


2022 Martin County 4-H point sheets due 7-25-22

all 4-H Members are encouraged to submit an achievement point sheet every year of 4-H to work towards Fall Achievement Award recognition! 

The 2022 Point Sheet is available at: or from the Extension Office. 

The deadline date to provide the point sheet is July 25, 2022 and may be provided hardcopy to the Extension Office or emailed to  If e-mailing, please ask for confirmation to assure receipt.


2022 Martin County 4-H Handbook

Available at

Printed copies are available by contacting the Extension Office.


4-H Static Project Scorecards: Major Changes for Simplification!

All 2022 4-H scorecards have been reviewed, updated, and posted to the Indiana 4-H Youth Development web site.  Visit at:

Scorecards are located on individual project pages.  A general scorecard is available on the full project listing page. All previously used scorecards are outdated with the exception of some genealogy and some sewing scorecards. 

All 4-H leaders, members and families are encouraged to become familiar with scorecards as you work to create 4-H exhibits for the 2022 Martin County 4-H Fair and the Indiana State Fair!


Verification of Livestock Breed Status Deadline July 1st

Livestock who are purebred or have other registration papers with exhibitors who wish to show in those respective classes need to provide the properly registered papers by July 1, 2022 to the Extension Office. 


Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA) Martin County Program Deadline for Livestock Exhibitors July 1st

Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA) is a national multi-species quality assurance program for youth ages 8 to 21 with a focus on three core pillars: food safety, animal well-being, and character development. All youth who exhibit livestock are required to be certified annually. Certification can be obtained at an in-person class or via the online modules. 


All youth in Indiana exhibiting an animal (Swine, Beef Cattle, Dairy Cattle, Sheep, Goats, Rabbits, and Poultry) at a county or state fair must have completed a Quality Assurance Certification, by July 1, 2021 for Martin County exhibitors. 


Indiana State Fair Vet Camps

Vet Camp is an experience for future veterinarians in grades 6th thru 8th or 9th through 12th to provide an opportunity to be the doctor for the day.  Youth are invited to spend time learning about animals in a fun way from current veterinary students from the Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine.  Learn about the educational pathway to veterinary school and how you can prepare for what awaits you as a veterinarian.  Don’t miss out on the opportunity to investigate being a veterinarian. 

Hands-on sessions include:

Explore blood and placing catheters in animal models

Practice surgery skills by suturing up simulated incisions

Opportunity to look at radiographs (x-rays) to learn what is inside of patients.

What: Junior Vet Camp (grades 6-8) or Senior Vet Camp (grades 9-12)

When: Session are between July 30 – Aug 20

Cost: $40, participants will receive a t-shirt, two admission tickets, and parking pass.

For more information: Stephanie DeCamp 317-927-7566

Pre-registration required.


OISC Clean Sweep Pesticide Disposal

The Indiana Pesticide Clean Sweep Project is designed to collect and dispose of suspended, canceled, banned, useable, opened, unopened or just unwanted pesticides (herbicides, insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, miticides, etc.) and is being sponsored by the Office of Indiana State Chemist (OISC). This disposal service is free of charge up to 250 pounds per participant. Over 250 pounds there will be a $2.00 per pound charge. This is a great opportunity for you to legally dispose of unwanted products at little or no cost. Visit to complete the Clean Sweep Participant Form or email to have a participant form emailed.


9 am – 3 pm local time

Aug 16: Ceres Solutions Wabash County, Wabash, IN

Aug 17: Bartholomew County Solid Waste District, Columbus, IN

Aug 18: Daviess County Highway Department, Montgomery, IN

Aug 23: Davis Purdue Agricultural Center Randolph County, Farmland, IN

Aug 24: Co-Alliance Porter County, Valparaiso, IN

Aug 25: Hendricks County Fairgrounds, Danville, IN

Managing Farm Risk Webinar Series

Join an experienced team of Extension educators, specialists, faculty, and a lawyer as we present the Managing Farm Risk Webinar Series. This series will encompass techniques and tips to mitigate, transfer, and avoid risks in production, marketing, financial, legal, human resources, and social media.

When: Wednesdays, May 25 – June 29, 11:00 am – 12:00 pm

Register at:


Purdue Fast Start for Indiana Students

One way to earn admission into Purdue University is through Fast Start.  Indiana Students can take the Modern States online courses for free.  Those who pass a minimum of five corresponding College Board CLEP exams and meet Purdue’s standard admission requirements are assured admission to Purdue and designated Klinsky Scholars. CLEP testing centers are now open along with online options. The Purdue Extension Martin County office staff are available to help local students access this opportunity!


Dr. Temple Grandin: In Person Program in Daviess County

When: Tuesday, August 2, 2022

Where: Washington High School, 608 E Walnut St, Washington, IN

Daviess-Martin Special Education Cooperative & the Indiana Resource Center for Autism, Presenting Two Workshops:

The Importance of Good Stockmanship:  10:30 am – 11:30 am

This presentation is free and is geared toward members of Future Farmers of America (FFA), 4-H, and others involved in the livestock industry. Temp will share her experience and expertise in livestock handling and management. No cost to attend. 

Developing Different Kinds of Minds 1:00 pm – 2:30 pm

This workshop is geared for school personnel, early childhood educators, adult providers, others involved in supporting someone on the autism spectrum, family members, and those who are neurodiverse. Temple will discuss her experiences, and her perspectives on leading a meaningful life. There is a nominal cost for this presentation for non-Washington School District Employees of $15 USD.

For more details, visit:

Sponsored and hosted by the Daviess-Martin Special Education Cooperative & the Indiana Resource Center for Autism


Effects of Flooding or Ponding on Corn Prior to Tasseling
By: R.L. (Bob) Nielsen

Bottom Line: The consequences of flooding, ponding, and saturated soils on young corn depend heavily on the duration of the stress and temperatures.

Intense rainfall events (colloquially referred to as “toad stranglers” or “goose drownders”) flood low-lying corn fields and create ponding (standing water) in poorly drained areas (depressions, compacted soil) within other fields. Other areas within fields, while technically not flooded or ponded, often remain saturated for lengthy periods of time. Recurrent heavy rainfall events simply "add insult to injury" by re-wetting, re-ponding, and re-flooding the same areas of the fields.

What are the prospects for recently submerged corn fields or plants simply enduring days and days of saturated soils? The flippant answer is that suffering crops will survive until they die.

What I really mean is that no one can tell you with certainty the day after the storm whether a ponded area of a corn field will survive or whether there will be long-term yield consequences until enough time has gone by such that you can assess the actual recovery of the damaged plants. We can, however, talk about the factors that increase or decrease the risks of severe damage or death to flooded soils.

  • Plants that are completely submerged are at higher risk than those that are partially submerged.
    • Plants that are only partially submerged may continue to photosynthesize, albeit at limited rates.
  • The longer an area remains ponded, the higher the risk of plant death.
    • Soil oxygen is depleted within about 48 hours of soil saturation. Without oxygen, the plants cannot perform critical life sustaining functions; e.g. nutrient and water uptake is impaired and root growth is inhibited (Wiebold, 2013).
    • Many agronomists will tell you that young corn can survive up to about 4 days of outright ponding if temperatures are relatively cool (mid-70's F or cooler); fewer days if temperatures are warm (mid-70's F or warmer).
  • Even when surface water subsides quickly, the likelihood of dense surface crusts that form as the soil dries increases the risk of emergence failure for recently planted crops.
    • Be prepared with a rotary hoeto break up the crust and aid emergence. For those "youngsters" among you who do not know how to use a rotary hoe, see Hanna et al. (2001).
  • The greater the deposition of mud or old crop residues on plants as the water subsides, the greater the stress on the plants due to reduced photosynthesis.
    • Ironically, such situations would benefit from another rainfall event to wash the mud deposits from the leaves.
  • Mud and crud that cakes the leaves and stalks encourage subsequent development of fungal and bacterial diseases in damaged plant tissue. In particular, bacterial ear rot can develop when flood waters rise up to or above the developing ears of corn plants (Nielsen, 2003).
  • Corn younger than about V6 (six fully exposed leaf collars) is more susceptible to ponding damage than is corn older than V6.
    • This is partly because young plants are more easily submerged than older taller plants and partly because the corn plant's growing point remains below ground until about V6. The health of the growing point can be assessed initially by splitting stalks and visually examining the lower portion of the stem (Nielsen, 2019a). Within 3 to 5 days after water drains from the ponded area, look for the appearance of fresh leaves from the whorls of the plants.
  • Extended periods of saturated soils AFTER the surface water subsides will take their toll on the overall vigor of the crop.
    • Some root death will occur and new root growth will be stunted until the soil dries to acceptable moisture contents. As a result, plants may be subject to greater injury during a subsequently dry summer due to their restricted root systems.
    • Nutrients like nitrogen are rapidly remobilized from lower leaves to upper, newer leaves; resulting in a rapid development of orange or yellow lower leaves.
    • Because root function in saturated soils deteriorates, less photosynthate is utilized by the root system and more accumulates in the upper plant parts. The higher concentration of photosynthate in the stems and leaves often results in dramatic purpling of those above-ground plant parts (Nielsen, 2017).
    • As more of the root system dies, the ability of the affected plants to take up water decreases and, ironically, the plants begin to show signs of drought stress (leaf rolling, plant wilting, leaf death).
    • Damage to the root system today will predispose the crop to the development of root and stalk rots later by virtue of the photosynthetic stress imposed by the limited root system during the important grain filling period following pollination. Monitor affected fields later in August and early September for the possible development of stalk rots and modify harvest-timing strategies accordingly.
  • Concomitant (I found a new word in the dictionary!) with the direct stress of saturated soils on a corn crop, flooding and ponding can cause significant losses of soil nitrogen (N) from either denitrification of nitrate-N in heavier soils or leaching of nitrate-N in coarser soils. See Camberato & Nielsen (2017)for advice on sampling soils to estimate remaining soil nitrogen.
    • Significant loss of soil N will cause nitrogen deficiencies and possible additional yield loss.
    • On the other hand, if the corn dies in the ponded areas it probably does not matter how much nitrogen you've lost.
  • Lengthy periods of wet soil conditions favor the development of seedling blight diseases in young corn seedlings, especially those caused by Pythium fungi (Sweets, 2014).
    • Fungicidal seed treatments effectively protect the seed and seedling for only about 3 weeks after planting. After that, especially if seedling development has been delayed by cold or excessive soil moisture, the risk of infection increases quickly. Fields that looked acceptable one week can be devastated by seedling blight by the next week if conditions are favorable for the disease and seedling development has not yet reached about V3 to V4.
    • Poorly drained areas of fields are most at risk for the development of these diseases and so will also be risky for potential replant operations.
  • The risk of diseases like common smut and crazy top also increases when soils are saturated or plants are submerged and temperatures are cool (Pataky and Snetselaar, 2006Jackson-Ziems, 2014).
    • The fungus that causes crazy top depends on saturated soil conditions to infect corn seedlings.
    • The common smut fungal organism is ubiquitous in soils and can infect young corn plants through tissue damaged by floodwaters. There is limited hybrid resistance to either of these two diseases and predicting damage is difficult until later in the growing season.
  • Wind damage to corn during severe storms results in either stalk breakage (aka “green snap”) or root lodging (plants uprooted and laying nearly flat to the ground). The risk of permanent damage is greater during late vegetative development and less with younger plants.
    • The yield effect of “green snap” damage depends on the percentage of field affected and whether the stalk breakage occurs above or below the ear, but is usually serious regardless. Obviously, stalk breakage below the ear results in zero yield for that plant. Stalk breakage above the ear results in significant yield loss due to the loss of upper canopy photosynthesis capacity for that plant.
    • Root lodged corn will recover or straighten up to varying degrees depending on the growth stage of the crop. Generally, younger corn has a greater ability to straighten up with minimal “goose-necking” than older corn. Yield effects of root lodging depend on whether soil moisture remains adequate for root regeneration, the severity of root damage due to the uprooting nature of root lodging, and the degree of “goose-necking” that develops and its effect on the harvestability of the crop.


To Top