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Purdue Extension Martin County Blast April 25, 2022


Purdue Extension Martin County Blast 4-25-22 


4-H Project drop / add deadline & FUll enrollment

2022 4-H project drop and add deadline is May 15, 2022!  Please be sure you have the projects you desire listed on 4honline by May 15th. To fully exhibit at the Martin County 4-H Fair and/or the 2022 Indiana State Fair 4-H shows, 4-H enrollment must be completed, including paying enrollment fee for 4-Hers 3rd to 12th grade by May 15, 2022.  Extension staff are happy to help!  Please call 812-295-2412 or email


2022 4-H Camp for Campers!  deadline to register is May 15, 2022

When: Tuesday, June 14 & Wednesday, June 15, 2022

Where: Santa Claus, Indiana

Who: Youth coming out of grades 3rd, 4th, 5th, & 6th

Cost: $10 per day family out of pocket cost per camper (Martin County 4-H pays balance)

Theme: Fishing with 4-H

How to Register: online at

For more information: or


2022 Martin County 4-H Handbook

Available at Printed copies are available by contacting the Extension Office. 


4-H Static Project Scorecards: Major Changes for Simplification!

All 2022 4-H scorecards have been reviewed, updated, and posted to the Indiana 4-H Youth Development web site.  Visit at:


Scorecards are located on individual project pages.  A general scorecard is available on the full project listing page. All previously used scorecards are outdated with the exception of some genealogy and some sewing scorecards. 


All 4-H leaders, members and families are encouraged to become familiar with scorecards as you work to create 4-H exhibits for the 2022 Martin County 4-H Fair and the Indiana State Fair!


Martin County 4-H Club Meetings

Every 4-H member is invited to all Club Meetings and members are encouraged to be members of multiple clubs.


Dream Team Club


Date                Day of the Week                     Time                            Location


5-14-22            Saturday                                  10:00 am                     St. Martin’s Hall


5-28-22            Saturday                                  10:00 am                     Loogootee City Park


6-12-22            Sunday                                    6:00 pm                       St. Martin’s Hall


7-2-22              Saturday                                  10:00 am                     St. Martin’s Hall


7-10-22            Sunday                                    6:00 pm                       Loogootee City Park


7-11-22           Monday                                   5:30 pm                       Martin County 4-H

                        (Records signing during fair set-up)                           Fairgrounds


Horse & Pony Club

Upcoming meetings dates TBA

Horses welcome with approved horse health certificates and MUST be signed by a licenses Veterinary.  Health certificates may be accessed at:

Or hard copy picked up at the Extension Office.

4-H members do NOT need to have a horse to participate in the Horse & Pony Club! New in 2022: 4-H members who DO NOT have their own horse are offered a Mentor Showmanship class.   


Jolly Jug Rox Club

Location: Hindostan Church Fellowship Hall

Time: 6:00 pm

Upcoming Dates:

May: Tuesday May 10 & Wednesday May 25

June: Monday June 13 & Monday June 27

July: Tuesday July 5


Jolly Juniors Club

Location: Truelove Church

South on Highway 231

1195 Truelove Church Rd, Loogootee, IN

Time: 6:00 pm

Upcoming Dates:

May: Monday May 9 & Thursday May 26 

June: Monday June 6 & Monday June 20 

July: Tuesday July 5

Questions: Call Leader Kathy Lingenfelter at 812-709-1424


Jr. Leaders –



Tractor Club

The 2022 Martin County 4-H Tractor Contest will be Saturday, June 11th 9:00 am at the Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds for all three Tractor Events: Ag Tractor, Lawn & Garden & Zero Turn.


The 2022 Area III 4-H Tractor Contest will be Saturday, June 25th at Warrick County Fairgrounds for all three Tractor Events: Ag Tractor, Lawn & Garden & Zero Turn. Exhibitors must qualify at the county level to progress to the Area Contest. (Rain date:  June 26, 2022.)


The 2022 Indiana 4-H Tractor Contest is tentatively scheduled for Wednesday, August 10th for all three Tractor Events: Ag Tractor, Lawn & Garden & Zero Turn. Exhibitors must qualify at the area level to progress to the State Contest.


Volunteer with 4-H? 

Multiple volunteer opportunities are available for adult volunteers.  Express interest by talking with Dena Held or any of the 4-H Leaders and help make positive 4-H experiences with and for youth!


Communication and Expressive Arts 2022 Opportunities

A benefactor wants you to do one or more of the following things to let YOU… Martin County youth… have FUN!


  1. State 4-H Band Workshop, June 18-20, 2022 at Purdue University Campus

Open to all high school age youth. Participants perform to over 500 people. (Youth pays $50 deposit to Martin County CES Ed Fund and once attends Band Workshop, will be reimbursed the $50) Full registration fee & 4-H enrollment will be paid by the benefactor! If other expenses are needed to be paid for you to attend, please discuss with Dena Held.


  1. State 4-H Chorus Workshop, June 18-21, 2022 at Purdue University Campus

Open to all high school age youth. Participants perform to over 500 people. (Youth pays $50 deposit to Martin County CES Ed Fund and once attends Chorus Workshop, will be reimbursed the $50) Full registration fee & 4-H enrollment will be paid by the benefactor! If other expenses are needed to be paid for you to attend, please discuss with Dena Held.


  1. Communication & Expressive Project

For youth 3-12 grades Participate in Martin County 4-H Club activities and exhibit a project (or projects) under the Communication and Expressive Arts. $20 enrollment fee will be paid & you may attend club meetings, participate in activities, and exhibit at the Martin County 4-H Fair.


Indiana 4-H & Martin County 4-H Animal Details & Forms

Everyone interested may access 4-H animal details at to learn more and access forms for the 4-H year. The Purdue Extension Martin County Office is happy to help with access points and can print forms upon your request. 


Animal ID on 4honline Deadline May 16th

4-H members must identify all Beef and Dairy Cattle, Goats, Horses, Llamas, Sheep and Swine in the 4-H Online system by May 15th (May 16 for 2022 only) to be eligible for exhibition at the Martin County 4-H Fair and/or The Indiana State Fair 4-H Animal Shows. 


DNA Collection for Indiana State Fair Exhibition Deadline May 16th

Beef and Dairy Cattle, Meat Goats, Sheep and Swine must submit DNA hair samples by May 15th (May 16 for 2022 only) to the Extension Office to be eligible for Indiana State Fair 4-H Animal Shows.  


Verification of Livestock Breed Status Deadline July 1st

Livestock who are purebred or have other registration papers with exhibitors who wish to show in those respective classes need to provide the properly registered papers by July 1, 2022 to the Extension Office. 


Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA) Martin County Program Deadline for Livestock Exhibitors July 1st

Youth for the Quality Care of Animals (YQCA) is a national multi-species quality assurance program for youth ages 8 to 21 with a focus on three core pillars: food safety, animal well-being, and character development. All youth who exhibit livestock are required to be certified annually. Certification can be obtained at an in-person class or via the online modules. 


Upcoming In Person Martin County Opportunities: 

When: May 5, 2022 at 4 PM.

Where: Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds / Community Learning Center, 2666 US Hwy 50, Loogootee. 

Details:  Space is limited and registration is required. If there are no registrants 48 hours before classes, the class will be cancelled.  For more info contact Dena Held

How to register:  Register at    


Upcoming In person Knox County Opportunities:

May 17 6:00 pm EST at VU Ag Center


All youth in Indiana exhibiting an animal (Swine, Beef Cattle, Dairy Cattle, Sheep, Goats, Rabbits, and Poultry) at a county or state fair must have completed a Quality Assurance Certification, by July 1, 2021 for Martin County exhibitors. 


Rabbit Tattooing 

Friday, May 13th

6 pm – 7:30 pm

Location: Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds


Poultry: Testing offerred May 13th / DEADLINE JULY 1ST 

All poultry except for water fowl must have originated from an NPIP-certified hatchery or test negative for Pullorum-Typhoid in order to exhibit at the Martin County 4-H Fair. Please submit your Poultry testing or NPIP verification forms to the Extension Office by July 1st.


Blood testing is available on Friday, May 13 at the Martin County 4-H Fairgrounds from 6-7:30 PM EST, cost of the blood testing at the fairgrounds is $3 per bird.  Blood testing is also available by appointment at the Heeke Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory located at the Southwest Indiana Purdue Agricultural Center in Dubois, Indiana. To make an appointment at the Heeke laboratory, call 812-678-3401.


Poultry Judging Contest

When: May 21, 2022

Where: Montgomery County Fairgrounds, 400 Parke Ave, Crawfordsville, Indiana

Registration deadline: May 13

Cost: $10 per contestant

Register at:


Sheep & Goat Health Management Workshop – 2 Date/Location Options
When: May 7

Where: Southern Indiana Purdue Agricultural Center, 11371 East Purdue Farm Road, Dubois, IN 47527

Registration due: April 29

More information: Sara Dziminaksi, Extension Educator, Perry County,


When: May 14

Where: Marian University’s Ancilla College, 20097 9B Road, Plymouth, Indiana 46563

Registration due: May 6

More information: Mark Kepler, Extension Educator, Fulton County,


The cost and topics are the same for both events.

Cost: $40 per person per location; Cost includes lunch and training materials

Time: 10 am – 3pm

Topics at both locations include: Parasite Identification and Management, First Aid for Sheep and Goats, General Health Management, and Pasture Management

To register:

Limited to 25 registrants


Purdue Fast Start for Indiana Students

One way to earn admission into Purdue University is through Fast Start.  Indiana Students can take the Modern States online courses for free.  Those who pass a minimum of five corresponding College Board CLEP exams and meet Purdue’s standard admission requirements are assured admission to Purdue and designated Klinsky Scholars. CLEP testing centers are now open along with online options. The Purdue Extension Martin County office staff are available to help local students access this opportunity!



Save the date for a great opportunity for the first 15 adults registered.  (Kids may attend with the registered adult.)  The Family Table is a Purdue Extension Health & Human Science Program where healthy food preparation and nutrition is taught and demonstrated. Weekly meal kits are provided for cooking skill practices at home! Will be held at St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church, Parish Center- Lower Level, 409 E Church Street, Loogootee


  • Wednesday, May 11th at 5:30 pm
  • Wednesday, May 18th at 5:30 pm
  • Wednesday, May 25th at 5:30 pm

All classes and materials are free and registration is required. Program open to all. Class size is limited.


Register here:


Dubois County 4-H Horse Show

When: May 8, 2022

Time: Entry booth opens 9:00 am; Show starts 10:00 am

Cost: $5 per class, $10 per stall, $10 electric hook-up until sold out

Ribbons for 1st -6th places; Judged by 4-H rules. Must be enrolled in 4-H for 2022 to participate.

Horse show attire and helmets are required. Tack swap – Bring your outgrown clothing and tack.

Questions: Kaylee Jacob 812-631-4984 or Morgan Gudorf 812-309-9798


Quarter Horse Racing Association of Indiana Youth Day Experience

Spend an entire day with Directors of Quarter Horse Racing Associates of Indiana and horsemen who have the desire to share their passion of Quarter Horse Racing with the future owners, trainers, jockeys and breeders in Indiana. Work side by side with leading trainers in the industry’s and experience the thrill of the gates opening and watching a horse just groomed cross the finish line first.


Deadline to register: May 16, 2022

When: June 11, 2022

Where: Horse Indianapolis Race Course

Who: Students 16-18 years old

Contact Teresa Myers 260-726-5090 with any questions.


Midwest Bonanza Indiana Junior Club Lamb CIRCUIT

IJCLC Sanctioned Show, all rules apply

When: May 22, 2022

Where: Wells County Fairgrounds, 1240 4-H Park Rd, Bluffton, IN

Time: Check in 7 – 9 am, Show at 10 am

Registration: Showman App

Entry fee: $25 head, $5 showmanship

Late fee: $30 head after May 20

Show off the trailer, no pens provided, top 5 banners/payout

For more information: Mike Moore 765-744-8214, Wes Moore 260-919-5001

Judge: Caleb Boden


Trees in Peril

By: Lindsey Purcell

In general, most people love trees. Whether in our backyards, parks, or lawn strips, we understand the value of trees and the enormous benefits they provide for us every day. Air quality enhancement, water protection is especially important to Hoosiers. According to recent reports, Indiana ranks 46th in air quality and 39th in water quality.  Trees can help improve those numbers as one of the best biological machines! Other benefits include energy conservation, wildlife habitat, better aesthetics, and a sense of community – these are all values that trees can give.

So, for many of us, we are somewhat disheartened when we realize that not all people view trees with the same enthusiasm or support. Some see trees as a “nuisance” – sources of leaves and needles or shade to “spoil” a perfect lawn. Some see trees as “interfering” with their property, or to develop a property for a new home or other building, or to widen a road.

The dilemma is that while all trees live on “someone’s property (a municipality, utility company easement or individual), the benefits that they provide do not recognize property boundaries. In other words, your tree, your neighbors’ tree, your neighborhood park’s tree, or your urban forest are all affecting everyone’s life in many ways. So, when someone proposes cutting them down people can get upset and feel compelled to take action.

That is where city foresters and non-profit organizations who focus on managing public trees can help. They are there to help with questions and issues regarding imperiled trees. They encourage anyone who seeks to protect trees in their community to support those organizations and learn more about programs that improve community trees.

Steps in Tree Protection
There are some basic steps in the protection of trees, most of which involves your local resources.

Step 1
There are several basic tools that every municipality should have in place to protect its trees. These include:

  • Implementing the best management practices for urban forests
  • Formulating a strategic plan for the management of the urban forest
  • Administration of a tree policy or ordinance
  • Mandate permits for any work to be completed on public trees
  • Preparing a registry of heritage trees
  • Ensuring that qualified personnel be in place for oversight of tree protection laws
  • An informed tree board or committee composed of stakeholders who help with protecting and enhancing the urban forest.

If your municipality does not have these tools in place you should work with your local university extension specialist or contact an ISA Certified Arborist to find more resources. Additionally, the Society of Municipal Arborists can provide resources on urban tree management.

Step 2
Get to know your municipal and elected officials to ensure prompt action when tree work is not implemented according to best practices, tree ordinance violations are identified, or work is not properly permitted according to local laws.

Step 3

Be informed on the situation before initiating any action regarding tree issues:

  • Establish ownership of the tree; who’s tree is it?  Check local GIS resources.
  • Is it against your community or city tree policy? Check for permits as required.
  • Does it make arboricultural (tree) sense?  Consider if there is a nuisance issue or risk concern that may not be identified or overlooked.
  • Communicate with the tree owner or manager to determine if the assessment and mitigation being implemented is according to best management practices?

It is important that we all work to protect and enhance our urban forests and community trees by recognizing the resources available to us. Trees in our cities are critical to our quality of life and as stewards of our environment, we must be vigilant for the many issues that imperil our community trees.

The Planting Date Conundrum for Corn

Reference: URL:

by R.L. (Bob) Nielsen   /  rnielsen at

  • Early planting favors higher yields, but does not guarantee higher yields.
  • Statewide averages for planting progress and yield are not strongly related.
  • Planting date is but one of many yield influencing factors.

Conventional wisdom says that the prime planting "window" to maximize corn yields in much of Indiana opens about April 20 and closes about May 10. This "window" typically opens about one week later across the northern tier of Indiana counties (later warmup) and about one week earlier across the southern tier of Indiana counties (earlier warmup). Over the past 10 years, the pace of corn planting has typically accelerated beginning about April 20 and tapers off toward the end of May (accompanying popup image).

Recent rains across Indiana, although not excessive, have delayed the start of the 2022 corn planting season. As of April 24, the USDA-NASS estimated that only 1% of the state's corn crop acreage was "in the ground" (about 3 weeks behind the 10-year average). Continued rainfall events this past week will keep most planters in the shed and the current short-term forecast for even more rain threatens to further delay planting around the state. The fearmongers and pessimists among us are already worrying about the consequences of a delayed planting season and the risk that imposes on the crop's yield potential in 2022.

But, hold on, let's think about this... How absolute are the negative consequences of late planted corn? How accurately does planting date predict statewide corn yield anyway? Does late planting in and of itself guarantee lower than normal yields? Good questions, but the effect of planting date on statewide average corn yield is simply not clearcut.

Analysis of USDA-NASS crop progress reports over the past 31 years (USDA-NASS, 2022) indicates there is NOT a strong relationship between planting date and absolute yield or even percent departure from trend yield on a statewide basis for Indiana. Figures 1 and 2 illustrate the relationships between percent departure from statewide trend yield and two measures of statewide planting progress; percent of total corn acres planted by April 30 (Fig. 1) or by May 15 (Fig. 2). Even though mathematical relationships (aka "trend lines") can be discerned, they only account for about 10-11% of the variability in trend yield departures from year to year (that's what the calculated R2 values shown in the graphs tell us). Such a weak relationship reflects the fact that a number of other factors, in addition to planting date, also affect yield in any given year.

SIDENOTE: A recent article from colleagues at the Univ. of Nebraska (Elmore & Rees, 2019) documents the same absence of strong relationship between statewide corn planting progress and departures from trend yield in Nebraska.

Why is it that every corn agronomist worth their salt preaches about the importance of timely planting and yet the statewide statistical data suggest that planting date accounts for only 10% of the variability in statewide yields from year to year? Let's look more closely at this apparent conundrum.

It is true that RELATIVE grain yield potential of corn declines with delayed planting after about May 1 (Irwin, 2022; Licht & Clemens, 2021; Nafziger, 2014, 2017, 2019; Wiebold, 2019). Estimated yield loss per day with delayed planting varies from about 0.3% per day early in May to about 1% per day by the end of May. RELATIVE grain yield potential goes down with delayed planting because of a number of factors including a shorter growing season, greater insect & disease pressure, and higher risk of hot, dry conditions during pollination.

However, the good news is that planting date is only one of many yield influencing factors for corn. What is important to understand is that the ABSOLUTE yield response to delayed planting is relative to the maximum possible yield in a given year.

In other words, if all the other yield influencing factors work together to determine that the maximum possible yield this year for the optimum planting date is 220 bu/ac, then the consequence of a 10-day planting delay beyond April 30 (at 0.3% decrease per day) would be a yield potential of about 213 bu/ac (i.e., 220 bushel potential minus [10 days x 0.3%] due to delayed planting). However, if all the other yield influencing factors work together to determine that the maximum possible yield this year for the optimum planting date is only 150 bu/ac, then the consequence of a 10-day planting delay beyond May 1 (at 0.3% decrease per day) would be a yield potential of about 146 bu/ac (i.e., 150 bu/ac potential minus [10 days x 0.3%] due to delayed planting). Make sense?

Consequently, it is possible for early-planted corn in one year to yield more than, less than, or equal to later-planted corn in another year depending on the exact combination of yield influencing factors for each year. The accompanying Figure 3 illustrates this confusing concept. In that graph, delayed planting of corn in an otherwise high yielding year (B) may still be higher yielding than a crop planted on the optimum planting date in an otherwise lower yielding year (C). Farmers know this to be true because many have had June-planted crops in recent years yield better than any crop they have ever had.............. because the remainder of the growing season following the delayed planting was extremely favorable for crop growth and development.

For example, the 2009 and 2012 Indiana corn crops represent late and early planting date years, respectively. About 94% of the state's corn crop was planted by May 15 in 2012, but only 20% of the crop was planted by May 15 of 2009 (Fig. 2). Yet, the earlier planted 2012 crop yielded 38.6% BELOW trend yield for that year and the later planted 2009 crop yielded 9.5% ABOVE trend yield. Why? There were other important differences in yield influencing factors between the years other than simply the planting dates.

Bottom Line

Let's not succumb quite yet to fearmongering triggered by the delayed start of planting the 2022 corn crop. We need only look back to the 2018 planting season for an example of a slow start to the planting season that was followed by a 2-week period in early May in which 60% of the state's corn acreage was planted. "Mudding in" a crop early to avoid planting late will almost always end up being an unwise decision.

When faced with prospects of delayed planting, one should certainly look for ways to expedite the planting process by eliminating unnecessary tillage trips or delaying some field operations (Nielsen, 2019; Thomison & Culman, 2019) so that you do not plant any later than absolutely necessary. One example of a field operation that can be delayed with little risk of yield loss is to forego pre-plant nitrogen fertilizer applications in favor of sidedressing the crop later. This choice is especially low risk if your planting operation includes 2x2 starter fertilizer at rates of 20 lbs/ac of nitrogen or greater.

Finally, since delayed planting by itself is no guarantee of lower ABSOLUTE grain yield, I see little reason to change any crop inputs because of delayed planting, other than possibly seeding rates. Significantly delayed planting generally coincides with warmer soil temperatures compared to early planting. Consequently, stand establishment may be more successful with delayed planting, resulting in established plant populations that are closer to actual seeding rates than the usual 90 to 95% success rate with earlier planting dates. So, you might consider slightly reducing your seeding rates if planting is delayed out towards late May or beyond.

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