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Floriculture

January 9, 2019

Floriculture Project

Youth will learn basic information and skills needed to grow healthy plants and flowers. The project is divided in four different age appropriate levels. Youth are given the opportunity to create a floral arrangement for the local 4-H fair, highlighting skills acquired in this project.

For Judging and Check-in information, check the current 4-H Catalog.

Poster Foam Boards and Poster Sleeves available for purchase at the Extension Office.

Project Requirements:
1. Members may choose one (1) arrangement type or one (1) poster/notebook type exhibit per exhibitor
Each Level (A, B, C, D) of the Floriculture project serves more than one grade. Members should do a
DIFFERENT activity and exhibit each year that you are in the project. For example, if in 3rd grade you
display a simple bud vase (category 1), in 4th grade you should choose a poster/notebook option or
flower/plant exhibit from categories 2, 3, or 4.
You should pay special attention to size guidelines for Flower and Plant Exhibits. Instructions for exhibits and
related activities can be found in the 4-H Floriculture student manuals (Levels A-D).
2. Members must complete 3 activities in the activity book each year.
3. Completed manual, (Plant Record Sheet for Levels B & D) and record sheet must be turned in by the established
and posted date.
4. Premiums and Grand Champions will be determined by the method stated in the Adams County
4-H Governing Rules under the General Project Rules section.
Notebook Guidelines
1. Needs to be a sturdy 3 ring binder or a bound type notebook (with stiff covers).
2. Make sure the notebook accurately meets the guidelines and objectives of the activities in the manual.
3. Work should include references where appropriate.
4. Information printed directly off the web will not be accepted.
5. Pictures, graphics, and artwork are encouraged.
6. Materials included in the notebook need to be educational, both for the youth and the audience,
and should demonstrate that the youth was able to take what he or she learned from their research
(experiment, or on web, in library, etc.) and/or activities to create the notebook.

Poster Guidelines
1. Follow the Adams County poster guidelines.
2. Poster should "tell a story" or be informative to the audience. Will the viewer of your poster
learn something from the exhibit?
3. When designing your poster you should consider: lines, shapes, textures, colors and placement of items.
4. Pictures, graphics and artwork are encouraged.
5. Make sure the poster accurately meets the guidelines and objectives of the activities in the manual.
6. Information printed directly off the web will not be accepted.
7. Materials included in the poster need to be educational, both for the youth and the audience, and should
demonstrate that the youth was able to take what he or she learned from their research
(experiment, or on web, in library, etc.) and/or activities to create the poster.

 Level A-Grades 3–4
1. Flower and Plant Exhibit Categories, choose any one (1) of the following:
a. Create a flower arrangement in a simple bud vase from cut flowers you grew in your garden.
b. Create flower arrangement in a simple bud vase from fresh flowers you purchased.
 Vase must be no more than 9” tall by 3” wide, neck opening of vase not to exceed 1.5” and be clear or
white only. Include 1-3 stems of a main flower, along with appropriate amount of filler flower and
greenery. Flowers should be in their natural state, and not wired for display. 4-H’er provides own vase.
c. Create a simple round arrangement (small, compact round cluster of flowers) with fresh flowers you
purchased. Including the vase or container, must be no larger than 12” x 12”.
d. Create a simple round arrangement (small, compact round cluster of flowers) with fresh flowers you grew.
Including the vase or container, it must be no larger than 12” x 12”.
2. Poster or Notebook Exhibits, choose one (1) of the following:
a. Chronicle your work in your flower garden (planning, planting, care, harvest, arrangement made)
b. Describe how you planned or designed your garden, including how you chose the kinds of flowers.
c. Explain how you harvested your flowers, cared for them, and used them in an arrangement.
d. Explore and explain: pollination-what it is, why important, different ways it occurs or transplantingwhat,
how, things to watch out for; or role of insects with flowers (good, bad or both).
e. Explore and explain seed germination or how to care for a ‘sick’ plant.
f. Report on interview with a professional (what do they do, types of jobs, type of training, hours worked,
etc.)
g. Describe an experiment you did and the results.
h. Describe a community service project you did related to your flower project.

Level B-Grades 5–6
1. Flower and Plant Exhibit Categories, choose any one (1) of the following:
a. Display a mixed planter that may include herbs with foliage plants and/or flowering plants. The planter
should include 3 or more kinds of plants and have been planted at least two months before the fair.
The container exhibit space must not exceed 18” x 18”. Must include 4-H 967c “Level B Plant Record”
chronicling the care of your plant.
b. Make an item with dried herbs or dried flowers that you grew yourself. Examples of items but not
limited to a dried flower product, or simple dried arrangement in a container. Exhibit not to exceed
18”x18”.
c. Display one house plant, (foliage and/or flowering) in a container not to exceed 10” in diameter.
There must be only one specimen plant per pot. A flowering plant may be of any color with single
or double flowers. Must include 4-H 967c “Level B Plant Record” chronicling the care of your plant.
2. Poster or Notebook Exhibits, choose one (1) of the following:
a. Report how you harvested your flowers and/or herbs, cared for them, dried and used them.
b. Explore and explain: insects and your flowers and/or herbs.
c. Explore and explain: starting seeds indoors-the process and pros and cons.
d. Explore and explain: perennials-what are they, how are they used, benefits or drawbacks.
e. Investigate and describe: a butterfly garden-what types of plants, benefits to insects and butterflies, etc.
f. Describe how you planned or designed your garden, including how you choose the kinds of plants,
any problems, successes.
g. Describe your houseplant-how you cared for, transplanted to larger pot, any problems or successes.
h. Explore and explain: plant biology-form and function, growth, photosynthesis, etc.
i. Explore and explain: how to grow plants indoors-things to consider common problems and solutions.
j. Explore and explain: environmental effects related to plants (such as light, soil or temperature).
k. Describe an experiment you did and the results.
l. Explore and explain topics from “Imagine That” plants around the world information about different
cultural uses of plants, different ways you used your plants/herbs/flowers.

Level C-Grades 7–9
1. Flower and Plant Exhibit Categories, choose any one (1) of the following:
a. Display a terrarium-Size of the terrarium should be appropriate for use on a table at home, and no
larger than 12” deep, 18” long and 16” high. Must have a cover while on exhibit. See activity
information for design.
b. Combination or European planter-Exhibit a container of plants (3 or more kinds of plants) that you
have planted and cared for a minimum of 2 months. See activity for information on plants and design.
The container should not exceed exhibit space of 18" x 18" (height will be variable).
c. Create one (1) corsage or two (2) boutonnieres made from only fresh flowers. Corsages should contain
3 or more blooms. NO artificial flowers or greenery should be used in this category. Bows and decorative
items are acceptable.
d. Create one (1) corsage or two (2) boutonnieres made from silk or other artificial flowers and greenery.
Can be created with mixed fresh and artificial materials, or all artificial. Bows/Decorative items are okay.
e. A dried arrangement in a container or a specialty item (such as, but not limited to, a wreath or swag)
made with dried flowers and dried plant materials. NO artificial flowers/plant material should be included.
Bows and decorative items are acceptable. Maximum size 24" x 24", height will be variable.
f. Create a flower arrangement using either roses or lilies as the primary component of the arrangement.
Arrangement should be made with all fresh materials (NO artificial, flowers or plant materials).
Bows and decorative items are okay.
2. Poster or Notebook Exhibits, choose one (1) of the following:
a. Explore and Explain: Vegetative Propagation-how to, different types, problems and solutions,
different uses of.
b. Explore and Explain: Plant Nutrients - what are they, why does the plant need them, what happens
if the plant has too much or too little, planters or containers vs. garden.
c. Investigate the design of multiple plant containers - how to, things to consider, selecting
plant materials, uses of.
d. Describe how you created your corsage or boutonnieres; or dried arrangements. Be sure to include
appropriate information on design principles and how they are used to create your arrangement.
e. Explore and Explain: floral tools and materials (how to use, what they are, care of tools, different uses
of a tool or material).
f. Explore and Explain: preserving cut flowers-how problems, uses of and/or diseases related to cut flowers.
g. Illustrate, explore and explain how you dry flowers or other plant materials and/or describe different
methods and/or how, why use them.
h. Explore and Explain: medicinal used and toxicity of fresh and dried flower and plants.
i. Describe an experiment you did and the results.
j. Describe a career exploration activity you did, such as job shadow, interview with a professional.
k. Describe a community service activity you did related to your flowers project-what you did, why, results.

Level D-Grades 10–12
1. Flower and Plant Exhibit Categories, choose any one (1) of the following:
a. Create a seasonal arrangement from only fresh flower and/or plant materials specific to a season or holiday
should be used. For example, fall mums or spring tulips. Maximum size 24”x 24 x 36”. This category
could include a traditional floral arrangement, but also items such as wreaths. Bows and decorative
accessories are acceptable.
b. Create a seasonal arrangement that can include fresh and/or artificial flower and/or plant materials.
Flowers and plant materials specific to a season or holiday should be used. Maximum size 24”x 24 x 36”.
This category could include a traditional floral arrangement, but also items such as wreaths. Bows and
decorative accessories are acceptable.
c. Create a modern or contemporary style arrangement using fresh flower and plant materials. See manual for
suggestions. Maximum size 18"x18"x18". Include a label that states what type of design you have created
(botanical, pavè, parallel, free-form, abstract, etc.).
d. Create a bridal bouquet. Proper display of the bouquet should be considered, but only the bouquet will be
judged. Bouquet should include only fresh plant materials. Bows and decorative accessories are acceptable.
e. Create a centerpiece for an event, such as a banquet, party, wedding, funeral, or church. Arrangement
should be no larger than 24"x 24" x 36" and be made from EITHER fresh flower and/or plant materials or
artificial or silk flower and/or plant materials. Bows and decorative accessories are acceptable.
f. Display a plant that you propagated (and grew and cared for) by tissue culture or other vegetative
propagation methods, or flowering bulbs that you forced. Maximum pot size should not exceed 10" diameter. Must include 4-H 969c "Level D" Plant Record chronicling the care of your plant.

2. Poster or Notebook Exhibits, choose one (1) of the following:
a. Describe how you created your arrangement, include information on the design principles utilized.
b. Explore and explain how you utilize different flowers to make a similar style arrangement for different
seasons (tulips in spring, mums in fall, etc.) or how to utilize similar flowers to make different styles of
arrangements.
c. Explore and explain: the cost of arrangement and/or a cost comparison with flowers (different types,
flowers, different time year, etc.).
d. Explore and explain: forcing flowers (bulbs, branches, etc.).
e. Explore and explain: marketing in the floral industry (large or small business) and/or a market survey
and results, and how they can benefit the floral industry.
f. Explore and explain: how to start a business related to the floral industry and may include a business plan.
g. Explore and explain: the origins of flowers and or the floriculture industry around the world.
h. Explore and explain: tissue culture, biotechnology, or traditional breeding of new flower types-what are
they, how are they used, pros and cons.
i. Explore and explain: be a plant detective-what kinds of problems might you have in growing and
caring for flowers, and how to solve.
j. Describe an experiment you did and the results.
k. Describe a community service activity you did related to your flowers project: how, why, results.

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