Ceramics

GREENWARE CERAMICS    

Attach a completed 4-H Craft Information Card to your project.

(Grade 3) Requirements

  1. Learn basic terms for greenware provided on   General Information page.
  2. Learn to select quality greenware.
  3. Learn to clean and sponge greenware correctly.
  4. Learn to use common ceramic terms.
  5. Learn to use glaze in ceramics.
  6. Learn to use underglaze in ceramics.
  7. May use chalks using 3 or more colors.

Exhibit: Exhibit a simple article made from greenware using no more than 1 color of glaze (clear will be considered a color). May use underglaze for eyes and nose, clear over eyes and nose. Area where underglazes are used will not be counted in judging. Ideas which may be used include: Jewelry boxes, simple figurines, spoon holders, etc.  

 

(Grade 4) Requirements

1. Learn basic terms for greenware provided on General Information page.

2. Learn to select quality greenware.

3. Learn to clean and sponge greenware correctly.

4. Learn to use common ceramic terms.

5. Learn to use glaze in ceramics.

6. Continue to use underglaze techniques.

7. May use chalks using 3 or more colors.

Exhibit: Exhibit a simple article made from greenware using up to 3 colors of glaze (clear will be considered a color). Underglaze paints may be used for added color in this division. Underglaze paints will not be counted as a glaze.

 

(Grade 5)  Requirements

1. Learn the common terms in stains.

2. Learn to use stains as a finish.

Exhibit: Exhibit an article made from greenware using water base opaque stains.

 

(Grades 6-7)  Requirements

1. Learn more about stains used in grades 6 and 7.

2. Learn about antiquing with translucent and stains.

3. Learn different methods of applying stains such as dry brushing, stippling, etc.

4. May use chalks using 3 or more colors.

Exhibit: Exhibit an article made from greenware using one or more of the requirements listed above.

 

(Grades 8-9)  Requirements

1. Develop skills in underglaze or glaze techniques.

2. Learn about antiquing with underglaze.

3. Learn how to decorate with fired decals.

4. Learn about glazing using crystals.

5. Learn how to apply designs with underglaze.

6. May use chalks using 3 or more colors.

Exhibit: Exhibit item must be different from past years, and should be an example of what you have learned.

 

(Grades 10-11-12)  Requirements

  1. Choose and develop skills in one or more advanced techniques.
  2. Learn techniques of air brushing.
  3. Learn techniques of porcelain, china painting, and glass colors.
  4. Learn techniques in stoneware.
  5. Learn how to use metallic finishes on glazed pieces.
  6. Develop your skills in the use of stains and applying designs.
  7. May use chalks using 3 or more colors.

 

Exhibit: Exhibit item must be different from past years, and should be an example of what you have learned.

 

 

 

MOLDED CERAMICS 

Attach a completed 4-H Craft Information Card to your project.

 

(Grades 3-4)  Requirements

1. Observe how clay feels in your hand and how it can be shaped.

2. Learn how to condition and care for clay while working on an article (to keep it moist and pliable).

3. Practice shaping clay by pinch, coil and strip methods for hand-building clay.

4. Practice applying simple glaze.

Exhibit: Exhibit a hand formed abstract article from moist clay to which a simple glaze has been applied. No more than 3 colors may be used.

 

(Grades 5-6-7)  Requirements

  1. Make and use simple clay or plaster hump molds for shaping clay.
  2. Expand experimentation with simple glazes.

Exhibit: Exhibit one article or set of articles made from moist clay and finished with simple glaze.

 

(Grades 8-9-10-11-12)  Requirements

  1. Choose and develop skills in one or more advanced techniques in shaping and decorating.

       Examples of techniques in shaping -

  • Make and casting in multiple piece molds
  • Clay sculpture
  • Using potter's wheel
  • Hand forming with template

 

       Examples of techniques in decorating -

  • Underglaze
  • Overglaze
  • Carving
  • Graffito

 

Exhibit: Exhibit one article or set of articles which best represents what you have learned.

 

 

 

 

By Elisabeth McDonnell, Secretary
The Educational Store